Air Pollution Study in the Republic of Moldova Using Moss Biomonitoring Technique

  • Inga ZinicovscaiaEmail author
  • Constantin Hramco
  • Octavian G. Duliu
  • Konstantin Vergel
  • Otilia A. Culicov
  • Marina V. Frontasyeva
  • Gheorghe Duca


Moss biomonitoring using the species Hypnum cupressiforme (Hedw.) and Pleurocarpous sp was applied to study air pollution in the Republic of Moldova. A total of 41 elements (Na, Mg, Al, Cl, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Cd, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Tm, Yb, Hf, Ta, W, Pb, Th, and U) were determined by instrumental epithermal neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry. Principal component analysis was used to identify and characterize different pollution sources. Geographical distribution maps were prepared to point out the regions most affected by air pollution and relate this to potential sources of contamination. Median values of the elements studied were compared with data from the European moss biomonitoring program. The cities of Chisinau and Balti were determined to experience particular environmental stress.


Atomic absorption spectrometry Contamination factor Heavy metals Neutron activation analysis 



The authors would like to thank some members of the staff of the Department of Activation Analysis and Applied Research of FLNP, JINR for handling of radioactive samples. We are also grateful to professor Eiliv Steinnes for his support and advices.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussian Federation
  2. 2.Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear EngineeringBucharest, MagureleRomania
  3. 3.Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Science of MoldovaChisinauMoldova
  4. 4.Department of Structure of Matter, Earth and Atmospheric Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of BucharestMagurele (Ilfov)Romania
  5. 5.National Institute for R&D in Electrical Engineering ICPE-CABucharestRomania

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