Mobility Studies of 14C-Chlorpyrifos in Malaysian Oil Palm Soils

  • Muhamad Halimah
  • B. Sahid Ismail
  • Mat Nashriyah
  • Zainol Maznah
Article

Abstract

The mobility of 14C-chlorpyrifos using soil TLC was investigated in this study. It was found that chlorpyrifos was not mobile in clay, clay loam and peat soil. The mobility of 14C-chlorpyrifos and non-labelled chlorpyrifos was also tested with silica gel TLC using three types of developing solvent hexane (100 %), hexane:ethyl acetate (95:5, v/v); and hexane:ethyl acetate (98:2, v/v). The study showed that both the 14C-labelled and non-labelled chlorpyrifos have the same Retardation Factor (Rf) for different developing solvent systems. From the soil column study on mobility of chlorpyrifos, it was observed that no chlorpyrifos residue was found below 5 cm depth in three types of soil at simulation rainfall of 20, 50 and 100 mm. Therefore, the soil column and TLC studies have shown similar findings in the mobility of chlorpyrifos.

Keywords

Chlorpyrifos 14Mobility Soil TLC 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Director-General of MPOB for permission to publish this paper. Acknowledgement is also cordially extended to the Director-General of the Malaysian Nuclear Agency (NUCLEAR MALAYSIA).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhamad Halimah
    • 1
  • B. Sahid Ismail
    • 3
  • Mat Nashriyah
    • 2
  • Zainol Maznah
    • 1
  1. 1.Analytical and Quality Development Unit, Product Development and Advisory Services DivisionMalaysian Palm Oil BoardKajangMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Food SciencesUniversiti Sultan Zainal AbidinBesutMalaysia
  3. 3.School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

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