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Herbicide Clomazone Effects on δ-Aminolevulinic Acid Activity and Metabolic Parameters in Cyprinus carpio

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate δ-aminolevulinic acid (δ-ALA-D) activity and metabolic parameters of Cyprinus carpio exposed to clomazone herbicide. Fish were exposed 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg L−1 of clomazone for 192 h. Results indicated that δ-ALA-D activity was decreased in the gills at concentrations of 5 and 10 mg L−1. Liver glycogen increased, while muscle and gill glycogen levels decreased at 5, 10 and 20 mg L−1. Glucose was increased in the gills and plasma. Lactate decreased in the gills and liver and increased in the muscle. Protein and amino acids levels increased in the liver and gills and decreased in the muscle. At a clomazone concentration of 20 mg L−1, ammonia increased in the gills and muscle and decreased in the liver. The results indicated that the metabolic parameters of glycogen, lactate, protein and amino acids in liver, muscle and gills, blood glucose levels, and the enzyme δ-ALA-D in gills may be useful indicators of clomazone toxicity in carp.

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Acknowledgments

C.C.M. received fellowship of CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Brazil), V.L.L. and N.B.V.B. received CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Científico) research fellowship.

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Correspondence to Vania Lucia Loro.

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Menezes, C., Leitemperger, J., Murussi, C. et al. Herbicide Clomazone Effects on δ-Aminolevulinic Acid Activity and Metabolic Parameters in Cyprinus carpio . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 393–398 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-014-1229-2

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Keywords

  • δ-Aminolevulinic acid
  • Carp
  • Clomazone
  • Metabolic parameters