Metal content was determined in two fish species (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Monopterus albus) inhabiting rice paddies along the Middle Reach of the Yangtze River. Both are species important food fish in East Asia. The levels of eight metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cr, As, Cd, Pb) in skin, muscle and intestinal tissues were measured and correlated with fish size. Metal distribution among the tissues was examined and the potential risk of fish consumption was evaluated. Correlations between metal concentration and fish size were not significant. Concentrations of essential metals varied significantly among tissues, but the differences were not significant for non-essential metals. Correlations among metals in skin tissue were stronger than in intestinal and muscle tissues. Metal concentrations in the edible tissues of both fish met permissible levels for consumption, except Pb in loach skin and Cr loach in muscle. The potential risk caused by Pb from skin and Cr from muscle of loach consumption should be considered in future risk assessmeents.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Ai YS, Ahmad I, Syaizwan ZZ (2013) An assessment of heavy metal bioaccumulation in Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus, during plowing stages of a paddy cycle. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 91:6–12
Ayse BY (2003) Levels of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Zn) in tissue of Mugil cephalusand Trachurus mediterranean from Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Environ Res 92:277–281
Canli M, Atli G (2003) The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environ Pollut 121:129–136
Censi P, Spoto SE, Saiano F, Sprovieri M, Mazzola S, Nardone G, DiGeronimo SI, Punturo R, Ottonello D (2006) Heavy metals in coastal water systems: a case study from the northwestern Gulf of Thailand. Chemosphere 64:1167–1176
Costa M (2003) Potential hazards of hexavalent chromate in our drinking water. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 188:1–5
Douben PE (1989) Lead and cadmium in stone loach (Noemacheilus Barbatulus L.) from three rivers in Derbyshire. Ecotox Environ Saf 18:35–58
Evren T, Esra U, Alper DO, Zeynep EU, Turgay T (2013) Tissue distribution and correlation profiles of heavy-metal accumulation in the freshwater crayfish Astacus leptodactylus. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 64:676–691
Kazim U (2011) Heavy metal in edible portions (muscle and skin) and other organs (gill, liver and intestine) of selected freshwater fish species. Int J Food Prop 14:280–286
Mohammad S, Mortazavi Salim S (2012) Metal concentrations in two commercial fish from Persian Gulf, in relation to body length and sex. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:450–454
Mohsen N, Borhan M, Amir HH, Iman Z, Ali M (2012) Metal concentrations in tissues of two fish species from Qeshm Island, Iran. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:1004–1008
Norwood WP, Borgmann U, Dixon DG (2007) Interactive effects of metals in mixtures on bioaccumulation in the amphipod Hyalella azteca. Aquat Toxicol 84:255–267
Pourang N (1995) Heavy metal bioaccumulation in different tissues of two fish species with regards to their feeding habits and trophic levels. Environ Monit Assess 35:207–219
Pourang N, Tanabe S, Rezvani S, Dennis JH (2005) Trace elements accumulation in edible tissues of five sturgeon species from the Caspian Sea. Environ Monit Assess 100:89–108
Sankar TV, Zynudheen AA, Anandan R, Viswanathan NPG (2006) Distribution of organocholorin pesticides and heavy metal residues in fish and shellfish from Calicu region, Kerala, India. Chemosphere 65:583–590
Storelli MM, Barone G, Storelli A, Marcotrigiano GO (2006) Trace metals in tissues of Mugilids (Mugil auratus, Mugil capito, and Mugil labrosus) from the Mediterranean Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 77:43–50
Storelli MM, Giuseppe OM (2005) Bioindicator organisms: Heavy metal pollution evaluation in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean Sea—Italy). Environ Monit Assess 102:159–166
USFDA (1993) Food and drug administration. Guidance document for chromium in shellfish. DHHS/PHS/FDA/CFSAN/Office of Seafood, Washington, DC
Yi YJ, Yang ZF, Zhang SH (2011) Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in sediment and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in fish in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin. Environ Pollut 159:2575–2585
Yilmaz AB (2003) Levels of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb and Zn) in tissue of Mugil cephalus and Trachurus mediterraneus from Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Environ Res 92:277–281
Yılmaz AB, Mustafa KS, Deniz Y, Cemal T (2010) Metals (major, essential to non-essential) composition of the different tissues of three demersal fish species from İskenderun Bay, Turkey. Food Chem 123:410–415
Zhao H (2012) Misgurnus anguillicaudatus. IUCN red list of threatened species. version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature
Zhu SQ, Zang XP (2001) Heavy metal pollution along Yangtze river stretches of urban areas in major cities. Yangtze River 32:23–24
The authors gratefully acknowledged projects supported by Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (No. 2012ZX07104002).
About this article
Cite this article
Xu, T., Huang, Y. & Chen, J. Metal Distribution in the Tissues of Two Benthic Fish from Paddy Fields in the Middle Reach of the Yangtze River. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 446–450 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-014-1211-z
- Risk assessment
- Misgurnus ansguillicaudatus
- Monopterus albus