Mercury Concentrations in South Atlantic Swordfish, Xiphias gladius, Caught off the Coast of Brazil

  • Marianna Vaz Rodrigues
  • Ricardo Seiti Yamatogi
  • Mateus José Sudano
  • Júlia Arantes Galvão
  • Agar Costa Alexandrino de Pérez
  • Germano Francisco Biondi
Article

Abstract

This study evaluated the concentrations of mercury in fillets (anterior, middle, and end regions) from the swordfish, Xiphias gladius, and the relationships between mercury concentration and fish weight, as well as the region of collection. Of a total of 697 swordfish analyzed, 11 had mercury concentrations above 1 mg/kg, 421 were between 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg, and 265 were below 0.5 mg/kg. The anterior and posterior regions had greater concentrations of mercury than the middle region, and fish caught off the northern coast of Brazil had a higher concentration than those caught off the southern coast.

Keywords

Mercury Heavy metals Swordfish Food safety 

References

  1. Bolger PM, Schwetz BA (2002) Mercury and health. N Engl J Med 347(Suppl 22):1735–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BRASIL (1999) Instrução Normativa n°42 de 20 de Dezembro de 1999. Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  3. Castoldi AF, Coccini T, Manzo L (2003) Neurotoxic and molecular effects of methylmercury in humans. Rev Environ Health 18:19–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Costley CT, Mossop KF, Dean JR, Garden LM, Marshall J, Carrol J (2000) Determination of mercury in environmental and biological samples using pyrolysis atomic absorption spectrometry with gold amalgamation. Anal Chem Acta 405:179–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Counter SA, Buchanon LH (2004) Mercury exposure in children: a review. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 198:209–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Damiano S, Papetti P, Menesatti P (2011) Accumulation of heavy metals to assess the health status of swordfish in a comparative analysis of Mediterranean and Atlantic areas. Marine Poll Bull 62:1920–1925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. FAO (2009) Global Production Statistics. 1950-2009. http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/TabSelector
  8. FAO/WHO (1991) Codex alimentarius guideline levels for methylmercury in fish. CAC/GLGoogle Scholar
  9. Grubbs FE (1969) Procedures for detecting outlying observations in samples. Technometrics 11(1):1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guallar E, Sanz-Gallardo MI, Veer PV, Bode P, Aro A, Gómez-Aracena J, Kark JD, Riemersma RA, Martín-Moreno JM, Kok FJ (2002) Mercury, fish oils, and the risk of myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 347:1747–1754CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hall BD, Bodaly RA, Fudge RJP, Rudd JWM, Rosneberg DM (1997) Food as the dominant pathway of methylmercury uptake by fish. Water Air Soil Pollut 100:13–24Google Scholar
  12. Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) (2008) Report of the Eleventh Session of the Scientific Committee, Victoria, SeychellesGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnels AG, Westermark T, Berg W, Persson PI, Sjostrand B (1967) Pike (Esox lucius L.) and some other aquatic organisms in Sweden as indicators of mercury contamination in the environment. Oikos 18:323–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lando AM, Fein SB, Choinière CJ (2012) Awareness of methylmercury in fish and fish consumption among pregnant and postpartum women and women of childbearing age in the United States. Environ Res 116:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Marcovecchio JE, Moreno VJ, Pérez A (1998) Determination of heavy metal concentration in biota of Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Sci Total Environ 75:181–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mendez E, Giudice H, Pereira A, Inocente G, Medina D (2001) Total mercury content fish weight relationship in swordfish (Xiphias gladius) caught in Southwest Atlantic Ocean. J Food Comp Analysis 14:453–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ministry of Agricultural, Livestock and Supply (2010) Plano Nacional de Controle de Resíduos e Contaminantes. Instrução Normativa no 8 de 29 de Abril de 2010. Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  18. Monteiro L, Lopes H (1990) Mercury contents of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in relation to length, weight, age and sex. Mar Pollut Bull 21:293–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Monteiro LR, Costa V, Furness RW, Santos RS (1996) Mercury concentrations in prey fish indicate enhanced bioaccumulation in mesopelagic environments. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 141:21–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Myers GJ, Davidson PW, Cox C, Shamlaye CF, Palumbo D, Cernichiari E, Sloane-Reeves J, Wilding GE, Kost J, Huang LS, Clarkson TW (2003) Prenatal methylmercury exposure from ocean fish consumption in the Seychelles child development study. Lancet 361(9370):1686–1692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (1975) Resolução n°18 de 09 de Dezembro de 1975. Ministério da Saúde, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  22. Norstrom RJ, McKinnon AE, de Freitas ASW (1976) A bioenergetics based model for pollutant accumulation by fish. Simulation of PCB and methylmercury residue levels in Ottawa River yellow perch (Perca flavescens). J Fish Res Board Can 3:248–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Scott MA, Middaugh JP (2004) Use of traditional foods in healthy diet in Alaska: risks in perspective—mercury. Bull State AK Epidemiol 8(11):1–48Google Scholar
  24. Storelli MM, Storelli A, Giacominelli-Stuffler R, Marcotrigiano GO (2005) Mercury speciation in the muscle of two commercially important fish, hake (Merluccius merluccius) and striped mullet (Mullus barbatus) from the Mediterranean Sea: estimated weekly intake. Food Chem 89:295–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Torres-Escribano S, Vélez D, Montoro R (2010) Mercury and methylmercury bioaccessibility in swordfish. Food Addit and Contaminants 27(3):327–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (2002) United Nations Environment Programme: Chemicals. Global Mercury Assessment, GenebraGoogle Scholar
  27. Weil M, Schwartz B, Glass T, Bressler J (2005) Blood mercury levels and neurobehavior—reply. JAMA 294(Suppl 6):679–680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. WHO (1990) Environmental health criteria for methylmercury. International Programme on Chemical Safety, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  29. WHO/FAO (2011) Report of the Joint FAO/WHO expert consulation on the risks and benefits of fish consumption. FAO Fish Aquacult Rep 978:1–50Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianna Vaz Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Ricardo Seiti Yamatogi
    • 1
  • Mateus José Sudano
    • 2
  • Júlia Arantes Galvão
    • 1
  • Agar Costa Alexandrino de Pérez
    • 3
  • Germano Francisco Biondi
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde PúblicaUniversidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”BotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Reprodução Animal e Radiologia VeterináriaUniversidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”BotucatuBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de PescaSecretaria da Agricultura e AbastecimentoSantosBrazil

Personalised recommendations