Occurrence of Bisphenol A, Estrone, 17β-Estradiol and 17α-Ethinylestradiol in Portuguese Rivers

  • Sónia Rocha
  • Valentina F. Domingues
  • Carina Pinho
  • Virgínia C. Fernandes
  • Cristina Delerue-Matos
  • Paula Gameiro
  • Catarina Mansilha
Article

Abstract

This study focused on the occurrence of several EDCs including bisphenol A, estrone (E1), the 17β-estradiol (E2) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in fourteen rivers of Portugal. Samples analysis revealed a widespread contamination of BPA especially in Ave, Cávado, Douro, Ferro, Sousa and Vizela Rivers. Achieving 98.4 ng/L for the highest concentration. The estrogens achieved above the method quantification limit (MQL) were E1 in Águeda River and E2 in Ave, Lima and Tâmega Rivers. The maximum concentration detected for E1 was 26.9 ng/L. EE2 was detected only below MQL.

Keywords

River water Estrogens Bisphenol-A, endocrine disruptors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been supported by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (grant no. PEst-C/EQB/LA0006/2011 and BD/47200/2008).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sónia Rocha
    • 1
  • Valentina F. Domingues
    • 2
    • 7
  • Carina Pinho
    • 3
  • Virgínia C. Fernandes
    • 2
    • 4
  • Cristina Delerue-Matos
    • 2
  • Paula Gameiro
    • 1
  • Catarina Mansilha
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.REQUIMTE, Faculdade de Ciências daUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.REQUIMTE, Instituto Superior de EngenhariaInstituto Politécnico do PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.REQUIMTE, Faculdade de FarmáciaUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.CIQ, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciência daUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  5. 5.Instituto Nacional de SaúdePortoPortugal
  6. 6.REQUIMTEUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal
  7. 7.Departamento de QuímicaInstituto Superior de Engenharia do PortoPortoPortugal

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