Occurrence of Bisphenol A, Estrone, 17β-Estradiol and 17α-Ethinylestradiol in Portuguese Rivers
- 679 Downloads
This study focused on the occurrence of several EDCs including bisphenol A, estrone (E1), the 17β-estradiol (E2) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in fourteen rivers of Portugal. Samples analysis revealed a widespread contamination of BPA especially in Ave, Cávado, Douro, Ferro, Sousa and Vizela Rivers. Achieving 98.4 ng/L for the highest concentration. The estrogens achieved above the method quantification limit (MQL) were E1 in Águeda River and E2 in Ave, Lima and Tâmega Rivers. The maximum concentration detected for E1 was 26.9 ng/L. EE2 was detected only below MQL.
KeywordsRiver water Estrogens Bisphenol-A, endocrine disruptors
This work has been supported by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (grant no. PEst-C/EQB/LA0006/2011 and BD/47200/2008).
- Balla Z (2009) The influence of the Coriolis force on the rivers and the Baer law. Historical review. Annual Report of the Geological Institute of Hungary, pp 53–62Google Scholar
- Chang BV, Yuan SY, Chiou CC (2011) Biodegradation of bisphenol-A in river sediment. J Environ Sci Heal A 46(9):931–937Google Scholar
- Quintana JB, Carpinteiro J, Rodriguez I, Lorenzo RA, Carro AM, Cela R (2004) Determination of natural and synthetic estrogens in water by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. J Chromatogr A 1024(1–2):177–185Google Scholar