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Determination of Water Sources Contamination to Diazinon and Malathion and Spatial Pollution Patterns in Qazvin, Iran

  • Hamid Karyab
  • Amir Hossein Mahvi
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
  • Akram Bahojb
Article

Abstract

A questionnaire study and field visit showed that diazinon and malathion were the most commonly used pesticides in Qazvin province, Iran. Concentrations of these pesticides were determined in water sources; include springs, wells and Shahrood River. Springs water samples had the best water quality; but deep wells were the most polluted water samples. Diazinon was detected in 46.6 % of the samples, while malathion occurrences frequency was in 13.3 % of the samples. Diazinon and malathion were detected in maximum concentration of 19.44 and 18.12 μg L−1, respectively. The obtained results showed that diazinon was detected in higher than life-time health advisories in wells and in Shahrood River samples; so, it can bring up threats to human health. Interpolation of diazinon and malathion in water sources showed that diazinon had the most widely scattering condition in deep wells. Also, cross validation with the root mean square error (RMSE) indicated that the natural neighbor interpolation of malathion has the minimum RMSE.

Keywords

Diazinon Malathion Water sources Spatial interpolation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by deputy of research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The author would like to thanks the staff of laboratory in School of Public Health.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Karyab
    • 1
  • Amir Hossein Mahvi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shahrokh Nazmara
    • 1
  • Akram Bahojb
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Center for Solid Waste Research, Institute for Environmental ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.National Institute of Health ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Qazvin Health CentreQazvin University of Medical SciencesQazvinIran

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