Determination of Fluoride in Tap Water in Morocco using a Direct Electrochemical Method

  • Rachid El Jaoudi
  • Fouzia Mamouch
  • Mina Ait El Cadi
  • Yassir Bousliman
  • Yahia Cherrah
  • Abdelaziz Bouklouze
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00128-012-0706-8

Cite this article as:
El Jaoudi, R., Mamouch, F., Ait El Cadi, M. et al. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2012) 89: 390. doi:10.1007/s00128-012-0706-8

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the fluoride concentration in tap drinking water in different cities of Morocco using an electrochemical ion-selective method. Three samples were collected from each thirteen selected cities in the period between March and May 2011. The median value of fluoride was 0.94 mg/L (0.21–2.97). High fluoride concentrations (>0.8 mg/L) were found in sixteen cities. Very high values were found in phosphate regions such as Khouribga which is known to be an endemic dental fluorosis area. This study has shown that the concentration of fluoride in drinking water exceeds the limit especially in phosphate regions.

Keywords

Tap water Fluoride Electrode Morocco 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachid El Jaoudi
    • 1
  • Fouzia Mamouch
    • 1
  • Mina Ait El Cadi
    • 1
  • Yassir Bousliman
    • 1
  • Yahia Cherrah
    • 1
  • Abdelaziz Bouklouze
    • 1
  1. 1.Team of Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Analysis, Laboratory of Pharmacology and ToxicologyFaculty of Medicine and PharmacyRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations