Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Relationship Between Industrial Discharges and Contamination of Raw Water Resources by Perfluorinated Compounds: Part II: Case Study of a Fluorotelomer Polymer Manufacturing Plant

Abstract

In this study, the concentrations of 10 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) were measured in effluents of a fluorotelomer polymer manufacturing plant and its wastewater treatment plant. A 50-fold increase between the two effluents mass flows was observed. The water quality of two drinking water treatment plants located downstream at 15 and 25 km from the manufacturing plant was examined. An increase of the sum of PFCs was observed between the river (30 ng/L) and an alluvial well (70 ng/L), and between the raw water (9 ng/L) and the outlet of a biological treatment (97 ng/L). These results indicate a possible degradation of fluorotelomers, occurring during wastewater treatment, sediment infiltration in the alluvial aquifer, and drinking water treatment.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Boiteux V, Dauchy X, Rosin C, Munoz JF (2012) National screening study on 10 perfluorinated compounds in raw and treated tap water in France. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. doi:10.1007/s00244-012-9754-7

  2. Dinglasan-Panlilio MJA, Mabury SA (2006) Significant residual fluorinated alcohols present in various fluorinated materials. Environ Sci Technol 40:1447–1453

  3. Ellis DA, Martin JW, De Silva AO, Mabury SA, Hurley MD, Sulbaek Andersen MP, Wallington TJ (2004) Degradation of fluorotelomer alcohols: a likely atmospheric source of perfluorinated carboxylic acids. Environ Sci Technol 38:3316–3321

  4. Higgins CP, Luthy RG (2006) Sorption of perfluorinated surfactants on sediments. Environ Sci Technol 40:7251–7256

  5. Kissa E (2001) Fluorinated surfactants and repellents, vol 97. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York

  6. Liu J, Lee LS, Nies LF, Nakatsu CH, Turco RF (2007) Biotransformation of 8:2 fluorotelomer alcohol in soil and by soil bacteria isolates. Environ Sci Technol 41:8024–8030

  7. Myers AL, Mabury SA (2010) Fate of fluorotelomer acids in a soil-water microcosm. Environ Toxicol Chem 29:1689–1695

  8. Post GB, Louis JB, Cooper KR, Boros-Russo BJ, Lippincott RL (2009) Occurrence and potential significance of perfluorooctanoic acid (pfoa) detected in new jersey public drinking water systems. Environ Sci Technol 43:4547–4554

  9. Renner R (2001) Growing concern over perfluorinated chemicals. Environ Sci Technol 35:154A–160A

  10. Ruan T, Wang Y, Wang T, Zhang Q, Ding L, Liu J, Wang C, Qu G, Jiang G (2010) Presence and partitioning behavior of polyfluorinated iodine alkanes in environmental matrices around a fluorochemical manufacturing plant: another possible source for perfluorinated carboxylic acids? Environ Sci Technol 44:5755–5761

  11. Russell MH, Berti WR, Szostek B, Wang N, Buck RC (2010) Evaluation of PFO formation from the biodegradation of a fluorotelomer-based urethane polymer product in aerobic soils. Polym Degrad Stab 95:79–85

  12. Schultz MM, Higgins CP, Huset CA, Luthy RG, Barofsky DF, Field JA (2006) Fluorochemical mass flows in a municipal wastewater treatment facility. Environ Sci Technol 40:7350–7357

  13. Sinclair E, Kannan K (2006) Mass loading and fate of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in wastewater treatment plants. Environ Sci Technol 40:1408–1414

  14. Takagi S, Adachi F, Miyano K, Koizumi Y, Tanaka H, Watanabe I, Tanabe S, Kannan K (2011) Fate of perfluorooctanesulfonate and perfluorooctanoate in drinking water treatment processes. Water Res 45:3925–3932

  15. Washington JW, Ellington JJ, Jenkins TM, Evans JJ, Yoo H, Hafner SC (2009) Degradability of an acrylate-linked, fluorotelomer polymer in soil. Environ Sci Technol 43:6617–6623

  16. Wilhelm M, Bergmann S, Dieter HH (2010) Occurrence of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in drinking water of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and new approach to assess drinking water contamination by shorter-chained C4–C7 PFCs. Int J Hyg Environ Health 213:224–232

  17. Yu J, Hu J, Tanaka S, Fujii S (2009) Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in sewage treatment plants. Water Res 43:2399–2408

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thankfully acknowledge financial support from the French Ministry of Health. We gratefully acknowledge S. Richardson and J.W. Washington (US-EPA) for encouraging us to publish these findings. Many thanks to H. Leguen, A. Robin and P. Pruvot (ARS) who helped us organize the sampling campaign. Thanks to R. Mehut for producing the maps.

Author information

Correspondence to Xavier Dauchy.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dauchy, X., Boiteux, V., Rosin, C. et al. Relationship Between Industrial Discharges and Contamination of Raw Water Resources by Perfluorinated Compounds: Part II: Case Study of a Fluorotelomer Polymer Manufacturing Plant. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 531–536 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0705-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Drinking water
  • Contamination
  • Perfluorinated compounds
  • Industrial activities