Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Metal Concentrations in Two Commercial Fish from Persian Gulf, in Relation to Body Length and Sex

  • 219 Accesses

  • 12 Citations


The relationship between sex, size (length and weight) and metal concentrations in the tissues of two commercially valuable fish species (silver pomfret, Pampus argenteus and tiger tooth croaker, Otolithes ruber) from Persian Gulf were evaluated. Concentrations of the metals in fish species ranged as follows: Mn 0.743–11.279; Cd 0.175–2.375; Pb 2.406–11.297; Zn 10.837–80.389; Fe 2.263–86.110; Cu 1.503–6.333 μg/g dry weight, respectively. Metal content in both fish varied with type of metals, organ, and sex. Results showed that, except in a few cases, significant relationships between metal concentrations and fish size were negative.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Agah H, Leermakers M, Elskens M, Fatemi SMR, Baeyens W (2009) Accumulation of trace metals in the muscle and liver tissues of five fish species from the Persian Gulf. Environ Monit Assess 157:499–514

  2. Al-Yousuf MH, El-Shahawi MS, Al-Ghaisc SM (2000) Trace metals in liver, skin and muscle of Lethrinus lentjan fish species in relation to body length and sex. Sci Total Environ 256:87–94

  3. Canli M, Atli G (2003) The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environ Pollut 121:129–136

  4. FAO (1983) Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO Fish Circ 464:5–10

  5. Henry F, Amara R, Courcot L, Lacouture D, Bertho ML (2004) Heavy metals in four fish species from the French coast of the Eastern English Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea. Environ Int 30:675–683

  6. Kalay M, Ay Ö, Canli M (1999) Heavy metal concentrations in fish tissues from the Northeast Mediterranean Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 63:673–681

  7. Leung KMY, Morgan IJ, Wu RSS, Lau TC, Svavarsson J, Furness RW (2001) Growth rate as a factor confounding the use of the dogwhelk Nucella lapillus as biomonitor of heavy metal contamination. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 221:145–159

  8. Pourang N, Tanabe S, Rezvani S, Dennis JH (2005) Trace elements accumulation in edible tissues of five sturgeon species from the Caspian Sea. Environ Monit Assess 100:89–108

  9. Rayment GE, Barry GA (2000) Indicator tissues for heavy metal monitoring – additional attributes. Mar Poll Bull 7(12):353–358

  10. Saei-Dehkordi SS, Fallah AA (2011) Determination of copper, lead, cadmium and zinc content in commercially valuable fish species from the Persian Gulf using derivative potentiometric stripping analysis. Microchem J 98:156–162

  11. Saei-Dehkordi SS, Fallah AA, Nematollahi A (2010) Arsenic and mercury in commercially valuable fish species from the Persian Gulf: influence of season and habitat. Food Chem Toxicol 48:2945–2950

  12. Saeidi M, Abtahi B, Mortazavi MS, Aghajery N, Ghodrati Shojaeii M (2008) Zinc concentration in Spangied Emperor (Lethrinus nebulosus) tissues caught in Northern part of the Persian Gulf. Environ Sci 61:75–82

  13. Sures B, Tarschewski H, Haung C (1994) Determination of trace metals (Cd, Pb) in fish by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after microwave digestion. Analytica Chimica Acta 311:135–139

  14. Tűrkmen A, Tűrkmen M, Tepe Y, Akyurt ĺ (2005) Heavy metals in three commercially valuable fish species from ĺskenderun Bay, Northern East Mediterranean Sea, Turkey. Food Chem 91:167–172

  15. Wang WX, Rainbow PS (2005) Influence of metal exposure history on trace metal uptake and accumulation by marine invertebrates. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 61:145–159

  16. Yilmaz AB (2003) Levels of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Zn) in tissue of Mugil cephalus and Trachurus mediterraneus from Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Environ Res 92:277–281

Download references


The authors are grateful for the financial support of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecological Research Institute.

Author information

Correspondence to Mohammad Seddiq Mortazavi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mortazavi, M.S., Sharifian, S. Metal Concentrations in Two Commercial Fish from Persian Gulf, in Relation to Body Length and Sex. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 450–454 (2012).

Download citation


  • Metals
  • Fish
  • Length
  • Sex
  • Accumulation
  • Iran