Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Some Heavy Metals Accumulation in Tissues in Capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) from Uzuncayir Dam Lake (Tunceli, Turkey)

  • 291 Accesses

  • 14 Citations


Concentrations of metals were determined in the gills, liver, kidney, heart and muscle in Capoeta umbla caught from six stations from the Munzur River system. Metal concentrations in the tissues tended to vary significantly among stations (p < 0.05). Liver (Cu, 10.10 ± 0.23–23.03 ± 9.37 ppm; Zn, 14.67 ± 3.01–21.82 ± 2.39 ppm; Cd, 18.04 ± 4.56–52.69 ± 10.65 ppb and Fe, 28.87 ± 6.78–115.11 ± 34.87 ppm) and kidney (Cu, 1.80 ± 0.25–3.70 ± 0.62 ppm; Zn, 20.81 ± 0.37–29.36 ± 0.70 ppm; Cd, 132.06 ± 5.29–639.51 ± 20.14 ppb and Fe, 24.40 ± 1.98–59.39 ± 1.97 ppm) tissues showed higher metal concentrations than other tissues. It seems that metal contamination in the river is too high for the health of fish and the people who eat them. The geographical locations of catch, season, nature of diet, and the size of fish used for analyses might lead to different metal concentration in the same fish species.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1


  1. Aedo F, Delgado R, Wolff D, Vergara C (2007) Copper and zinc as modulators of neuronal excitability in a physiologically significant concentration range. Neurochem Intern 50:591–600

  2. Al-Kahtani MA (2009) Accumulation of heavy metals in tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus) from Al-Khadoud Spring, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Am J Appl Sci 6(12):2024–2029

  3. Amundsen PA, Staldvik FJ, Lukin A, Kashulin N, Popova O, Reshetnikov Y (1997) Heavy metals contamination in freshwater fish from the Border Region between Norway and Russia. Sci Total Environ 201:211–214

  4. AO F (1983) Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substance in fish and fishery products (Food and agricultural organization). FAO Fish Circ 464:5–100

  5. Ashraj W (2005) Accumulation of heavy metals in kidney and heart tissues of Epinephelus microdon fish form the Arabian Gulf. Environ Monit Assess 101(1–3):311–316

  6. Atabeyoglu K, Atamanalp M (2010) Heavy metal studies in molluscs. J Ataturk Univ Vet Sci 5(1):35–42

  7. Boscher A, Gobert S, Guignard C, Ziebel J, L’Hoste L, Gutleb AC, Cauchie HM, Hoffmann L, Schmidt G (2010) Chemical contaminants in fish species from rivers in the North of Luxembourg: Potential impact on the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra). Chemosphere 78:785–792

  8. Bradh H (2005) Heavy metals in the environment: origin interaction and remediation. Elsevier/Academic Press, London, pp 1067–1075

  9. Canli M, Ay O, Kalay M (1998) Levels of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr and Ni) in tissue of Cyprinus carpio, Barbus capito and Chondrostoma regium from the Seyhan River, Turkey. Turkish J Zool 22:149–157

  10. Canpolat O, Calta M (2003) Heavy metals in some tissues and organs of Capoeta Capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) fish species in relation to body size, age, sex and seasons. Fresenius Environ Bull 12:961–966

  11. Che D, Meagher RB, Rugh CL, Kim T, Heaton ACP, Merkle SA (2006). Expression of organomercurial lyase in Eastern Cottonwood enhances organomercury resistance. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol—Plant 42: 228–234

  12. Chen YC, Chen MH (2001) Heavy metal concentrations in nine species of fishes caught in coastal waters off Ann-Ping, S.W. Taiwan. J Food Drug Anal 9(2):107–114

  13. Danabas D, Benzer F, Kaplan O, Yildirim NC (2011) Levels of copper in liver, muscle and gill tissues in Capoeta trutta (Heckel, 1843) from Munzur River, Turkey. Afr J Agric Res 6(7):1909–1912

  14. Dural M, Goksu MZL, Ozak AA (2007) Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla Lagoon. Food Chem 102:415–421

  15. Frederickson CJ, Suh SW, Silva D, Frederickson CJ, Thompson RB (2000) Importance of zinc in the central nervous system: the zinc-containing neuron. J Nutr 130:1471–1483

  16. Goodwin TH, Young AR, Holmes MGR, Old GH, Hewitt N, Leeks GJL, Packman JC, Smith BPG (2003) The temporal and spatial variability of sediment transport and yields within the Bradford Beck catchment, West Yorkshire. Sci Total Environ 314(316):475–494

  17. Gulec AK, Yildirim NC, Danabas D, Yildirim N (2011) Some haematological and biochemical parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Munzur River, Tunceli, Turkey. Asian J Chem 23(2):910–912

  18. Kaplan O, Yildirim NC, Yildirim N, Cimen M (2011) Toxic elements in animal products and environmental health. Asian J Anim Vet Adv 6(3):228–232

  19. Kurun A, Balkıs N, Erkan M, Balkıs H, Aksu A, Erşan MS (2010) Total metal levels in crayfish Astacus leptodactylus (Eschscholtz, 1823), and surface sediments in Lake Terkos, Turkey. Environ Monit Assess 169:385–395

  20. Labonne M, Othman DB, Luck JM (2001) Lead isotopes in muscles as tracers of metal sources and water movements in a Lagoon (Thau Basin, S France). Chem Geol 181:181–191

  21. Mansour SA, Sidky MM (2002) Ecotoxicological studies. 3: heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. Food Chem 78:15–22

  22. Mendil D, Uluozlu OD, Hasdemir E, Tuzen M, Sari H, Suicmez M (2005) Determination of trace metal levels in seven fish species in lakes in Tokat, Turkey. Food Chem 90:175–179

  23. NAS-NRC (1975) National academy of sciences-national research council division of medical sciences. Medical and environmental effects of pollutants: nickel. National Academic Press, Washington DC

  24. Nordberg GF (2004) Cadmium and health in the twentyfirst century historical remarks and trends for the future. Biometals 17:485–489

  25. RC NAS-N (1974) National academy of sciences-national research council. Food and nutrition board. recommended dietary allowances. National Academic Press, Washington DC

  26. Romeo M, Siau Y, Sidoumou Z, Gnassia-Barelli G (1999) Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritania Coast. Sci Total Environ 232:169–175

  27. Tawari-Fufeyin P, Ekaye SA (2007) Fish species diversity as indicator of pollution in Ikpoba River, Benin City, Nigeria. Rev Fish Biol Fish 17:21–30

  28. Turkish Food Codex (2002) Fisheries regulations. Official gazette, Addition 7, Number 24936. Ankara, Turkey

  29. Yildirim N, Yildirim NC, Kaplan O, Onal AO, Taylan N (2010) Variations in microbiological water quality of the Munzur and Pulumur River, Tunceli, Turkey at spring and summer seasons. Curr Res J Biol Sci 2(5):352–355

  30. Yousafzai AM, Khan AR, Shakoori AR (2009) Trace metal accumulation in the liver of an endangered South Asian fresh water fish dwelling in sub-lethal pollution. Pak J Zool 41(1):35–41

  31. Zhang Z, He L, Li J, Wu ZB (2007) Analysis of heavy metals of muscle and intestine tissue in fish – in Banan Section of Chongqing from three Gorges Reservoir, China. Polish J Environ Stud 16(6):949–958

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Durali Danabas.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ural, M., Yildirim, N., Danabas, D. et al. Some Heavy Metals Accumulation in Tissues in Capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) from Uzuncayir Dam Lake (Tunceli, Turkey). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88, 172–176 (2012).

Download citation


  • Metals
  • Accumulation
  • Fish
  • Capoeta umbla
  • Munzur River