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Accumulation of Chromium and Lead in Bryophytes and Pteridophytes in a Stream Affected by Tannery Wastewater

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Abstract

The concentrations of Cr and Pb were determined in bryophytes and pteridophytes sampled in a stream near a tannery in Guarapuava, southern Brazil. The concentrations of Cr and Pb were measured by cathodic and anodic voltammetry, respectively. These plants were used to evaluate the spatial distribution of elements in the examined stream, and contained elevated levels of Cr (0.71–24.07 μg/g) and Pb (4.33–24.20 μg/g). Chromium levels in plants near the tannery greatly exceeded background levels, indicating a severe to extreme degree of contamination with this metal. Lead levels were elevated to a lesser degree, indicating slight to moderate contamination for most plants collected near the tannery.

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Correspondence to Sueli Pércio Quináia.

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Repula, C.M.M., Quináia, S.P., de Campos, B.K. et al. Accumulation of Chromium and Lead in Bryophytes and Pteridophytes in a Stream Affected by Tannery Wastewater. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88, 84–88 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0443-4

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Keywords

  • Trace elements
  • Bioindicator
  • Plants
  • Water pollution