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PCBs and Organochlorine Pesticides in Ducks of Fereydoon-kenar Wildlife Refuge in Iran

  • Fateme Rajaei
  • Nader BahramifarEmail author
  • Abbas Esmaili Sari
  • Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri
Article

Abstract

Levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and PCB were determined in three duck species: Pintail (Anas acuta), Common Teal (Anas creaca), and Mallard (Anas platyhynchos). Both persistent organochlorines were more abundant in muscle than in the liver; Mallard had the highest levels of PCBs [84.0 ± 39.0 ng/g wet weight (ww)], and Common Teal showed the highest levels of DDTs (561.0 ± 220.0 ng/g ww). This exposure level is more than two orders of magnitude below provisional tolerable daily intake (PTDI) (0.01 mg/kg bw for DDT and its associated compounds) of The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Keywords

Organochlorine PCB Fereydoon-kenar Wildlife Refuge Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Mozhgan Savabieasfahani for support and guidance in writing this manuscript. We are also grateful to H. khedri, M. Davodi, H. Malvandi and M.Sakizade for scientific assistance. This work was funded by the Tarbiat Modares University of Iran.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fateme Rajaei
    • 1
  • Nader Bahramifar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Abbas Esmaili Sari
    • 1
  • Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine SciencesTarbiat Modares UniversityNoorIran
  2. 2.Sari Unit, Department of ChemistryPayame Noor University (PNU)MāzandarānIran

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