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Heavy Metal Residues in the Milk of Cattle and Goats During Winter Season

  • Ijaz JavedEmail author
  • Ibadullah Jan
  • Faqir Muhammad
  • Zia-ur-Rahman
  • M. Zargham Khan
  • Bilal Aslam
  • Javed Iqbal Sultan
Article

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and lead (Pb) residues (mg/L) were determined in the milk of cattle and goats. The milk samples of cattle from area 1 have higher levels of residues than area 2; Cd 0.089 ± 0.002 vs. 0.062 ± 0.01 Cr 1.14 ± 0.046 vs. 0.995 ± 0.017 Ni 23.38 ± 0.564 vs. 21.407 ± 0.275 Pb 21.781 ± 0.172 vs. 15.958 ± 1.00. The residual levels of Cd (0.084 ± 0.003) and Pb (42.687 ± 0.051) have been found higher in goat milk. The Ni residues in cattle milk (22.395 ± 0.988) are higher than in goat milk (19.522 ± 0.011) while residues of Cr are non significantly different in both species.

Keywords

Heavy metals Milk Cattle Goats 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Higher Education Commission, Government of Pakistan for funding this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ijaz Javed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ibadullah Jan
    • 1
  • Faqir Muhammad
    • 1
  • Zia-ur-Rahman
    • 1
  • M. Zargham Khan
    • 2
  • Bilal Aslam
    • 1
  • Javed Iqbal Sultan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PathologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Institute of Animal Feed and TechnologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

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