An Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination in Vegetables Grown in Wastewater-Irrigated Areas of Titagarh, West Bengal, India

  • N. Gupta
  • D. K. Khan
  • S. C. Santra


The effects of municipal wastewater irrigation on the accumulation of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu and Ni) in soil and vegetables were investigated by monitoring wastewater-irrigated agricultural field of Titagarh, 24-Parganas (North), West Bengal, India. The mean concentrations of Pb, Ni, Cu in the irrigation water and the mean Cd content in soil were much above the recommended level. The concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr and Ni in all the examined vegetables were beyond the safe limits. The study reveals that heavy metal-contaminated vegetables grown in wastewater-irrigated areas may pose public health hazards.


Wastewater Irrigation Heavy metal Contamination 



The authors gratefully acknowledge University of Kalyani for providing financial support and necessary facilities for the research work.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceUniversity of KalyaniKalyaniIndia

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