Advertisement

Atmospheric particulate matter and ozone under heat-wave conditions: do they cause an increase of mortality in Croatia?

  • Ana Alebić-Juretić
  • Tomislav Cvitaš
  • Nenad Kezele
  • Leo Klasinc
  • Gordana Pehnec
  • Glenda Šorgo
Article

Abstract

In August 2003 Croatia experienced a heat-wave period during which elevated concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) and ozone in ambient air were measured. By applying the model of Stedman and Rooney et al., it was shown that a significant part of excess mortality during this period can be attributed to PM10 and ozone in ambient air.

Keywords

Particulate matter Ozone Heat-wave Excess mortality Croatia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support from the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports is gratefully acknowledged. The authors are grateful to Mrs. Marija·Šabić, from the Municipal Bureau for Statistics of the City of Zagreb for data and discussions.

References

  1. Alebic-Juretic A, Cvitas T, Klasinc L (1997) Ozone destruction on solid particles. Environ Monit Assess 44:241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alebic-Juretic A, Cvitas T, Klasinc L (2000) Kinetics of heterogeneous ozone reactions. Chemosphere 41:667–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Butković V, Cvitaš T, Kezele N, Klasinc L, Šorgo G, Žegarac R (2004) Zagreb photosmog episode in August 2003. Croat Meteor J 39:139–140Google Scholar
  4. COMEAP (1998) Quantification of the effects of air pollution on health in Great Britain. Department of Health Comitee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollutants. The Stationary Office. ISBN 0-11-322102-9Google Scholar
  5. Cvitaš T, Kezele N, Klasinc L, McGlynn SP, Pryor WA (2005) New directions: how dangerous is ozone? Atmos Environ 39:4607–4608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Donoghue ER, Kalelkar MB, Boehmer MA, Wilhelm J, Whitman S, Good G, Lyne S, Lumpkin J, Landrum L, Francis BJ (1995) Heat-related mortality-Chicago, JAMA-J Am Med Assoc (1995) 274(8):602–602 (reprinted from MMWR 1995) 44:577–579Google Scholar
  7. Fischer PH, Brunekreef B, Lebret E (2004) Air pollution related deaths during 2003 heat wave in the Netherlands. Atmos Environ 38:1083–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kaiser J (2005) Mounting evidence indicts fine-particle pollution. Science 307:1858–1859Google Scholar
  9. Kunst AE, Looman CWN, Mackenbach JP (1993) Outdoor air temperature and mortality in the Netherlands: time series analysis. Am J Epidemiolog 137:331–341Google Scholar
  10. Kley D, Volz A, Mulheims F (1988) Ozone measurements in historic perspective. In: Isaksen ISA (ed) Tropospheric ozone. D.Reidel Publishing Company, p 63–73Google Scholar
  11. Lisac I, Grubišić V (1991) An analysis of surface ozone data measured at the end of the 19th-century in Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Atmos Environ A 25:481–486Google Scholar
  12. McMichael AJ, Haines A, Stoff R (1996) Climate change and human health, WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  13. Michelozzi P, Donato F, Accetta G, Forastiere F, Ovidio M, Perucci C, Kalkstein L (2004) Impact of heat waves on mortality–Rome, Italy, June–August 2003. MMWR 53:369–371Google Scholar
  14. Nel A (2005) Air pollution-related illness: effects of particles. Science 308:804–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rooney C, McMichael AJ, Kovats RS, Coleman MP (1998) Excess mortality in England and Wales, and in Greater London, during the 1995 heatwave. J Epidemiol Commun Health 52:482–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Scheel HE, Areskoug H, Gei H, Gomiscek B, Granby K, Haszpra L, Klasinc L, Kley D, Laurila T, Lindskog A, Roemer M, Schmitt R, Simmonds P, Solberg S, Toupance G (1997) On the spatial distribution and seasonal variation of lower troposphere ozone over Europe. J Atmos Chem 28:11–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Statistical annals for the city of Zagreb (2004) In: Šabić M (ed) Statistički ljetopis grada Zagreba. Gradski zavod za planiranje razvoja Grada i zaštitu okoliša. Odjel za statistiku. ISSN 1334-6644. Zagreb p 42Google Scholar
  18. Stedman JR (2004) The predicted number of air pollution related deaths in the UK during the August 2003 heat wave. Atmos Environ 38:1087–1090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Whitman S, Good G, Donoghue ER, Benbow N, Shou WY, Mou SX (1997) Mortality in Chicago attributed to the July 1995 heat wave. Am J Public Health 87:1515-1518Google Scholar
  20. World Health Organization (2003) Health aspects of air pollution with particulate matter, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide. Report on a WHO working group. Available at <http://www.euro.who.int/document/e79097.pdf>. See also UN Environmental Program and WHO Report, Environment (1994) 36:1–33

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Alebić-Juretić
    • 1
  • Tomislav Cvitaš
    • 2
  • Nenad Kezele
    • 2
  • Leo Klasinc
    • 2
  • Gordana Pehnec
    • 3
  • Glenda Šorgo
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Public HealthRijekaCroatia
  2. 2.Ruđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Institute for Medical Research and Occupational HealthZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations