Bone Density and Breaking Strength in UK Raptors Exposed to Second Generation Anticoagulant Rodenticides

  • L. D.  Knopper
  • P.  Mineau
  • L. A.  Walker
  • R. F.  Shore


Breaking Strength Predatory Bird Femur Density Brodifacoum Bromadiolone 



This study was funded in part by The Predatory Bird Monitoring Scheme (supported by UK Joint Nature Conservation Committee, UK Environment Agency and CEH) and the Pesticide Science Fund from Environment and Health Canada. We thank Stanley Conley (Carleton University, Ottawa, ON) for the use of the Instron testing machine and the volunteers who sent in carcasses for analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. D.  Knopper
    • 1
  • P.  Mineau
    • 2
  • L. A.  Walker
    • 3
  • R. F.  Shore
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental & Occupational Health SciencesJacques WhitfordOttawaCanada
  2. 2.National Wildlife Research CentreScience and Technology Branch, Environment CanadaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.NERC, Centre for Ecology & HydrologyMonks WoodHuntingdonUnited Kingdom

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