Advertisement

Differential Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Muscle and Liver of a Marine Fish, (King Mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla Cuvier) from the Northern Gulf of Mexico, USA

  • D. M. Ploetz
  • B. E. Fitts
  • T. M. RiceEmail author
Article

Levels of heavy metals such as lead, copper, cadmium, and zinc in marine fish have been extensively documented in the primary literature (e.g., Jureša and Blanuša 2003; Roméo et al. 1999; Zauke et al. 1999). These metals tend to distribute differentially in liver and muscle, most likely because of metal-binding proteins such as metallothioneins in certain organs of fish (Atli and Canli 2003; De Smet et al. 2001; Hamilton and Mehrle 1986; Roesijadi 1992). These proteins bind copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), and zinc (Zn), but not lead (Pb), allowing organs such as the liver to accumulate higher levels of metals than other organs such as muscle.

Only a few monitoring studies have measured heavy metals in fish species found in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (Feldhausen and Johnson 1983; Hanson 1997; Vazquez et al. 2001). The current study measured Pb, Cu, Cd, and Zn levels in muscle fillet and liver of king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla), a large (>1,500-mm fork length) reef-associated fish...

Keywords

Environmental Protection Agency Fork Length Heavy Metal Level Provisional Tolerable Weekly Intake Liver Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the Alabama JAYCEES for providing specimens, Dr. Eugene Cioffi of the Department of Chemistry, University of South Alabama, for access to instrumentation, Dr. William Patterson, University of West Florida, for providing the initial genesis for this project, and the University of South Alabama Center for Undergraduate Research for providing a stipend to Danielle M. Ploetz.

References

  1. Atli G, Canli M (2003) Natural occurrence of metallothionein-like proteins in the liver of fish Oreochromis niloticus and effects of cadmium, lead, copper, zinc, and iron exposures on their profiles. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 70: 618–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Canli M, Atli G (2003) The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environ Pollut 121: 129–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Canli M, Kalay M, Ay Ö (2001) Metal (Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr, Ni) concentrations in tissues of a fish Sardina pilchardus and a prawn Peaenus japonicus from three stations on the Mediterranean Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 67: 75–82Google Scholar
  4. Çoğun HY, Kargin F (2004) Effects of pH on the mortality and accumulation of copper in tissues of Oreochromis niloticus. Chemosphere 55: 277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crespo S, Nonnotte G, Colin DA, Leray C, Nonnotte L, Aubree A (1986) Morphological and functional alterations induced in trout (Salmo gairdneri) intestine by dietary cadmium and lead. J Fish Biology 28: 69–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Conto Cinier C, Petit-Ramel M, Faure R, Garin D (1997) Cadmium bioaccumulation in carp (Cyrpinus carpio) tissues during long-term high exposure: Analysis by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Ecotox Environ Safety 38: 137–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Smet H, De Wachter B Lobinski R, Blust R (2001) Dynamics of (Cd, Zn)-metallothionein in gills, liver, and kidney of common carp Cyrpinus carpio during cadmium exposure. Aquatic Tox 52: 269–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Feldhausen PH, Johnson D (1983) Ordination of trace metals in Syacium papillosum (dusky flounder) from the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Northeast Gulf Science 6: 9–21Google Scholar
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) (2004) Report of the 36th session of the Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants, Thirty-sixth Session, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 22–26 March 2004. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/008/j2262e.pdf. Cited 15 June 2006
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO), (2006) Provisional agenda, report of the 38th session of the Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants, Thirty-Sixth Session, The Hague, The Netherlands, 24–28 April 2006. ftp://ftp.fao.org/codex/ccfac38/fa38_18e.pdf. Cited 15 June 2006
  11. Hamilton SJ, Mehrle PM (1986) Metallothionein in fish: Review of its importance in assessing stress from metal contaminants. Trans Am Fish Soc 115: 596–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Handy RD (1993) The effect of acute exposure to dietary Cd and Cu on organ toxicant concentrations in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquatic Tox 27: 1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hanson PJ (1997) Response of hepatic trace element concentrations in fish exposed to elemental and organic contaminants. Estuaries 20: 659–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holcombe GW, Benoit DA, Leaonard EN, McKim JM (1976) Long-term effects of lead exposure on three generations of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis. J Fish Res Board Can 33: 1731–1741Google Scholar
  15. Ikem A, Egiebor NO (2005) Assessment of trace elements in canned fishes (mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardines, and herrings) marketed in Georgia and Alabama (United States of America). J Food Comp Anal 18: 771–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jureša D, Blanuša M (2003) Mercury, arsenic, lead, and cadmium in fish and shellfish from the Adriatic Sea. Food Add Contamin 20: 241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McEachran JD, Fechhelm JD (2005) Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. University of Texas Press, Austin, TXGoogle Scholar
  18. Roesijadi G (1992) Metallothioneins in metal regulation and toxicity in aquatic animals. Aquatic Toxicol 22: 81–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Roméo M, Siau Y, Sidoumou Z, Gnassia-Barelli M (1999) Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritiania coast. Sci Total Environ 232: 169–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) (1994) Method 3051: Microwave assisted acid digestion of sediments, sludges, soils, and oils. SW-846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/test/sw846.htm. Cited 15 June 2006
  21. United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) (2004a) Fact Sheet: National listing of fish advisories. EPA-823-F-05-004, 6 pages. http://www.epa.gov/ost/fish/advisories. Cited 15 June 2006
  22. United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) (2004b) What you need to know about mercury in fish and shellfish. EPA-823-F-04-009 2 p. http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/fish/MethylmercuryBrochure.pdf. Cited 15 June 2006
  23. Vazquez FG, Sharma VK, Mendoza QA, Hernandez R (2001) Metals in fish and shrimp of the Campeche Sound, Gulf of Mexico. Bull Environ Contamin Toxicol 67: 756–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zauke G-P, Savinov VM, Ritterhoff J, Savinova T (1999) Heavy metals in fish from the Barents Sea (summer 1994). Sci Total Environ 227: 161–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhang YS, Schlenk D (1995) Induction and characterization of hepatic metallothionein expression from cadmium-induced channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Environ Toxicol Chem 14: 1425–1431 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

Personalised recommendations