Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 35, Issue 11, pp 494–499 | Cite as

Suicidal acts and ideation in homosexual and bisexual young people: a study of prevalence and risk factors

  • C. van Heeringen
  • J. Vincke
  • C. van Heeringen


Background: Suicide attempts are the most robust clinical predictor of suicide, which is now the second cause of death among young people in many countries. Previous research has shown an increased risk of attempted suicide associated with a homosexual orientation. However, the mechanisms underlying this increased risk are not yet clear. This study therefore aimed to determine the risk of attempted suicide and the effect of potential risk factors on the occurrence of suicidal ideation and behaviour among homosexual youngsters. Methods: The association between suicidal ideation and behaviour and potential risk factors was assessed by means of a questionnaire in a general population sample of homosexual or bisexual young people and a control sample consisting of school pupils. Results: A twofold increased risk of suicidal ideation was found associated with a homosexual or bisexual orientation. A significantly increased risk of attempted suicide associated with homosexuality or bisexuality was found in females. Independent of sexual orientation, depression was identified as a significant risk factor for suicidal ideation, while suicidal behaviour was associated with low self-esteem, higher levels of hopelessness and suicidal behaviour in someone close. Among homosexual or bisexual young people, less satisfying homosexual friendships were an additional risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Conclusions: The identified increased risk of suicidal ideation among homosexual or bisexual young people is associated with depression and may lead to suicidal behaviour, independent of sexual orientation, especially in the presence of a role model of suicidal behaviour, and among those with unsatisfying friendships.


Young People Sexual Orientation Suicidal Ideation Population Sample Attempted Suicide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. van Heeringen
    • 1
  • J. Vincke
    • 2
  • C. van Heeringen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gent, BelgiumBE
  2. 2.Department of Sociology, Faculty of Political and Social Sciences, University of Gent, BelgiumBE
  3. 3.Unit for Suicide Research, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium Tel.: +32-9-2404395; Fax: +32-9-2404989 e-mail: URL:˜cvheerin/BE

Personalised recommendations