Determinants of psychiatric inpatient admission to general hospital psychiatric wards: an epidemiological study in a region of central Italy
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Objective: To determine which factors contribute to the decision to admit individuals to psychiatric wards in general hospitals. Method: Data on 1,379 individuals undergoing psychiatric evaluation in eight emergency rooms in a region of central Italy were collected. A logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the likelihood of psychiatric admission considering the independent effects of demographic, social, and clinical factors and of the history of psychiatric treatment. Results: The adjusted odds ratio for psychiatric admission significantly increased with the following variables: severity of symptoms; presence of paranoid states and schizophrenic psychoses, affective psychoses and acute psychotic conditions (with neurotic disorders used as reference); a history of outpatient treatment; the presence of a staff member of a community mental health facility upon presentation at the emergency room; and the availability of beds in the psychiatric ward. Conclusion: The independent effect played by the presence of a staff member of a community mental health facility is of particular interest, suggesting the existence of a collaborative relationship between inpatient and outpatient services.
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