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Abuse of and dependence on alcohol in Swedish women: role of education, occupation and family structure

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The present study, which is part of a multipurpose study on alcohol use among women, focuses on the association between education, occupation, family structure and development of alcohol dependence or abuse in women. A total of 316 women were selected by stratified random sampling from all women in a defined part of Gothenburg, Sweden. In a face to face interview, questions were asked about occupation, education, family structure and other variables reflecting socio-economic conditions and relations within the family. As outcome measures we used alcohol dependence and abuse (ADA), diagnosed in a clinical interview according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition-Revised (DSM-III-R). We found that never having been married, or having poor communication with the spouse, as well as having no children at home to take care of, were strongly associated with ADA in women. The role of social class depended on whether education or occupation was used as a measure. Our findings are compatible with the hypothesis that development of alcohol-related problems among women to a large extent is influenced by matters that relate to home and private life.

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Accepted: 29 January 1998

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Thundal, K., Allebeck, P. Abuse of and dependence on alcohol in Swedish women: role of education, occupation and family structure. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 33, 445–450 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001270050078

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  • Alcohol
  • Random Sampling
  • Mental Disorder
  • Social Class
  • Family Structure