Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 54, Issue 8, pp 905–909 | Cite as

Self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia: a multicentric study from three Latin-America countries

  • Alejandra Caqueo-UrízarEmail author
  • Laurent Boyer
  • Alfonso Urzúa
  • David R. Williams
Brief Report


The aim of this study was to describe the degree of self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia across three Latin-Americans countries (Bolivia, Chile and Peru). The study included 253 outpatients that were assessed using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI). The results show that 48.7% of patients from Bolivia report high internalized stigma compared to 38.6% from Chile and 28.6% from Peru. There were no statistically significant differences in ISMI mean total scores for country (p = 0.057), however, there were significant differences on two subscales: alienation and social withdrawal for which Bolivia had the highest scores. In conclusion, even though these countries share several common cultural characteristics, there are also some differences between them on patients’ self-stigma.


Schizophrenia Self-stigma Latin-America 



This research was funded in part by the Universidad de Tarapacá through Proyecto Mayor de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica UTA No. 3732-16.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laurent Boyer
    • 2
  • Alfonso Urzúa
    • 3
  • David R. Williams
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto de Alta InvestigaciónUniversidad de TarapacáAricaChile
  2. 2.EA 3279, Public Health, Chronic Diseases and Quality of Life, Research UnitAix-Marseille UniversityMarseilleFrance
  3. 3.Universidad Católica del NorteAntofagastaChile
  4. 4.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesHarvard T. H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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