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A systematic review of the impact of media reports of severe mental illness on stigma and discrimination, and interventions that aim to mitigate any adverse impact

  • Anna M. RossEmail author
  • Amy J. Morgan
  • Anthony F. Jorm
  • Nicola J. Reavley
Review

Abstract

Purpose

This review aims to summarise the evidence on the impact of news media and social media reports of severe mental illness (SMI) on stigma, and interventions that aim to mitigate any adverse impact.

Methods

A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted in December 2017 to identify studies that report on the impact of media coverage or media interventions on stigma related to schizophrenia, psychosis, bipolar disorder, or mental illness in general. Data were synthesised narratively.

Results

12 studies met inclusion criteria; seven explored the impact of news media on stigma towards SMI or general mental illness, two explored the impact of social media, while three evaluated interventions that aimed to mitigate this impact. These studies showed that positive news reports and social media posts are likely to lead to reductions in stigmatizing attitudes and negative reports and social media posts are likely to increase stigmatizing attitudes. There were a limited number of interventions aiming to mitigate the negative impact of news reports of mental illness on stigma; however, these were ineffective. Interventions with media professionals appear to be successful at reducing their stigmatizing attitudes, but can also act to increase both positive and negative reports in the media.

Conclusions

Given the limited research evidence on the impact of news and social media on stigma towards SMI, and on the effectiveness of interventions aiming to mitigate this impact, further studies of higher quality are needed in this area. Due to mixed findings, interventions with media professionals are also an area of research priority.

Keywords

Stigma Severe mental illness Schizophrenia Media intervention News media Social media Journalism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health, Australia. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the funder.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Three of the authors were authors on two studies included in this review. All authors declare that there is no further conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population & Global HealthThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

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