Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1265–1273 | Cite as

Attitudes towards the people with mental illness: comparison between Czech medical doctors and general population

  • Petr Winkler
  • Karolína Mladá
  • Miroslava Janoušková
  • Aneta Weissová
  • Eva Tušková
  • Ladislav Csémy
  • Sara Evans-Lacko
Original Paper



Stigma among health care professionals is detrimental to the life of those with mental health problems. In the region of post-communist Europe, the level of stigma among health care providers remains understudied. We aimed to compare attitudes towards people with mental illness between Czech medical doctors and the general population.


The Community Attitudes towards Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale was used to measure stigmatizing attitudes among a nationally representative sample of (1) adults residing in the Czech Republic (n = 1810) and (2) Czech medical doctors (n = 1200). Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear regression were used to assess differences between both samples.


Compared to the general adult population in the Czech Republic, Czech medical doctors demonstrated less stigmatizing attitudes toward people with mental illness in 26 of the 27 CAMI items as well as in the total CAMI score. Medical doctors, however, were more likely to consider mental hospitals as an up-to-date method of treating people with mental illness.


Our findings demonstrate more favourable attitudes towards people with mental illness among Czech medical doctors when compared to the Czech general population. Stigma, however, is high among both these groups.


Stigma Mental illness CAMI Attitudes Medical doctors General population 



This work was supported by the project “National Institute of Mental Health, Czech Republic”, Grant Number CZ.1.05/2.1.00/03.0078, European Regional Development Fund, and also by the project Nr. LO1611 with a financial support from the MEYS under the NPU I program.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petr Winkler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Karolína Mladá
    • 1
  • Miroslava Janoušková
    • 1
  • Aneta Weissová
    • 1
  • Eva Tušková
    • 1
  • Ladislav Csémy
    • 1
  • Sara Evans-Lacko
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social PsychiatryNational Institute of Mental HealthKlecanyCzech Republic
  2. 2.Personal Social Services Research Unit London School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK
  3. 3.Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and NeuroscienceKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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