Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 51, Issue 7, pp 1015–1024 | Cite as

Enduring financial crisis in Greece: prevalence and correlates of major depression and suicidality

  • Marina Economou
  • Elias Angelopoulos
  • Lily Evangelia Peppou
  • Kyriakos Souliotis
  • Chara Tzavara
  • Konstantinos Kontoangelos
  • Michael Madianos
  • Costas Stefanis
Original Paper



A series of repeated cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2013 were conducted with the aim of estimating the prevalence of major depression and suicidality as well as of investigating its risk factors. The present report concentrates on the 2013 survey.


A random and representative sample of 2.188 people was telephone interviewed with regard to various socio-economic indicators and the presence of major depression and suicidality, which were assessed with the germane module of the Structured Clinical Interview.


Findings suggest a rise in 1-month prevalence of major depression (12.3 %) and a decline in prevalence of suicidality (2.8 %). Female gender, residence in rural area, low educational attainment, unemployment and economic hardship were found to increase the odds of suffering from major depression. The influence of economic hardship and unemployment on suicidality was also substantial and independent of major depression.


Results stress the imperative need for the design and implementation of social policies and interventions that would offset the dire impact of the sustained recession in Greece.


Recession Unemployment Affective disorders Mental health Economic hardship 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Economou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elias Angelopoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lily Evangelia Peppou
    • 1
  • Kyriakos Souliotis
    • 3
    • 4
  • Chara Tzavara
    • 4
  • Konstantinos Kontoangelos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael Madianos
    • 5
  • Costas Stefanis
    • 1
  1. 1.University Mental Health Research Institute (UMHRI)AthensGreece
  2. 2.First Department of Psychiatry, Medical SchoolNational and Kapodistrian UniversityAthensGreece
  3. 3.Faculty of Social and Political SciencesUniversity of PeloponneseCorinthGreece
  4. 4.Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Centre for Health Services Research, Medical SchoolNational and Kapodistrian UniversityAthensGreece
  5. 5.Department of Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences, School of Health SciencesNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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