An assessment of need for mental health rehabilitation amongst in-patients in a Welsh region
Rehabilitation services have received little attention in the literature compared with other types of mental health service provision over the past 15 years. However, they are an important component of whole-system functioning in mental health services. Lack of provision has a particular impact on acute in-patient services. Poor pathway management can result in delayed discharges, placement of service users far from home, and resultant loss of resource for the local mental health economy.
A cross-sectional study gathered demographic, clinical, service utilisation, and financial data on 100 participants from out of area, rehabilitation and acute mental health units. Financial data was provided by the Health Board. Other data were gathered by two clinicians from case records and staff interviews.
26.0 % of people were inappropriately placed, with frequent overprovision of support. It was calculated that within an annual budget of £12.7 M, £2.5 M (19.7 % of the total expenditure on this patient group) could be saved if all placements were appropriate.
There were differences between the three cohorts. Those placed out of area had the most complex needs, although those in rehabilitation placements were similar. Most participants had been in contact with services for more than 5 years. A system better matched to their needs would benefit these patients and would also generate financial savings for reinvestment in the mental health economy.
KeywordsRehabilitation Needs assessment Service redesign Commissioning Out of area treatments
Compliance with ethical standards
This work was funded by Public Health Wales and the Local Health Board.
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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