Religion involvement and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia in Latin America

  • Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar
  • Alfonso Urzúa
  • Laurent Boyer
  • David R. Williams
Original Paper



The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between religion involvement (RI) and quality of life (QoL) in patients with schizophrenia from three countries in Latin America, while considering key confounding factors such as socio-demographic and clinical characteristics.


This cross-sectional study was conducted in the public mental health services in La Paz, Bolivia; Arica, Chile; and Tacna, Peru. The data collected included RI, socio-demographic information, clinical characteristics, type of treatment and QoL using the S-QoL 18 questionnaire. A multivariate analysis using multiple linear regressions was performed to determine variables associated with QoL levels.


Two hundred and fifty-three patients with schizophrenia were enrolled in our study. Significant positive associations were found between RI and QoL (the S-QoL 18 index: β = 0.13; p = 0.048; autonomy dimension: β = 0.15; p = 0.027). Other socio-cultural and economic factors were also associated with low QoL level: being a woman, older patient, low education level and being Aymara. Severity of the psychotic symptoms was associated to a lower QoL for all the dimension (β from 0.15 to 0.31), except for the resilience.


Our study found that socio-cultural and economic factors including RI were associated with QoL in patients with schizophrenia in Latin America, suggesting that these factors may influence positively health outcome. However, these relationships were moderate in strength, especially in comparison to symptoms severity which remained the most important features associated with QoL.


Quality of life Schizophrenia Religion Spirituality 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alfonso Urzúa
    • 4
  • Laurent Boyer
    • 3
  • David R. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Escuela de Psicología y FilosofíaUniversidad de TarapacáAricaChile
  2. 2.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.EA 3279-Public Health, Chronic Diseases and Quality of Life, Research UnitAix-Marseille UnivMarseilleFrance
  4. 4.Universidad Católica del NorteAntofagastaChile

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