Advertisement

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 101–106 | Cite as

International comparison of death place for suicide; a population-level eight country death certificate study

  • YongJoo RheeEmail author
  • Dirk Houttekier
  • Roderick MacLeod
  • Donna M. Wilson
  • Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas
  • Martin Loucka
  • Regis Aubry
  • Joan Teno
  • Sungwon Roh
  • Mark A. Reinecke
  • Luc Deliens
  • Joachim Cohen
Brief report

Abstract

Purpose

The places of death for people who died of suicide were compared across eight countries and socio-demographic factors associated with home suicide deaths identified.

Methods

Death certificate data were analyzed; using multivariable binary logistic regression to determine associations.

Results

National suicide death rates ranged from 1.4 % (Mexico) to 6.4 % (South Korea). The proportion of suicide deaths occurring at home was high, ranging from 29.9 % (South Korea) to 65.8 % (Belgium). Being older, female, widowed/separated, highly educated and living in an urban area were risk factors for home suicide.

Conclusions

Home suicide deaths need specific attention in prevention programs.

Keywords

Suicide Location of death Death certificate data International comparison 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the following agencies for their death certificate data: Belgium: Flemish agency for care and health, the Brussels health and social observatory and the French Community of Belgium. France: Inserm-CépiDc (Centre d’épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale). Czech Republic: Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic (IHIS). USA: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Canada: Statistics Canada. New Zealand: New Zealand Ministry of Health. Mexico: Sistema Nacional de Informacion en Salud (SINAIS) and Secretaria de Salud (SSA). Korea: Statistics Korea.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states there is no conflict of interest.

Funding

The International Place of Death (IPoD) study is supported by a Research Foundation Flanders grant.

Supplementary material

127_2015_1148_MOESM1_ESM.docx (33 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 32 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Bertolote J, Manoel, Fleischmann A (2002) Suicide and psychiatric diagnosis: a worldwide perspective. World Psychiatry 1(3):181–185Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen YY, Park NS, Lu TH (2009) Suicide methods used by women in Korea, Sweden, Taiwan and the United States. J Formos Med Assoc 108(6):452–459CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kessler R, Borges G, Walters EE (1999) Prevalence of and risk factors for lifetime suicide attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry 56(7):617–626CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kposowa A, McElvain JP (2006) Gender, place, and method of suicide. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41(5):435–443CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee W, Cha ES, Park ES, Kong KA, Yi JH, So M (2009) Deaths from pesticide poisoning in South Korea: trends over 10 years. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82(3):365–371CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yip P, Callana C, Yuen HP (2000) Urban/rural and gender differentials in suicide rates: east and west. J Affect Disord 57(1–3):99–106CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hawton K, Heeringen K (2009) Suicide. Lancet 373:1372–1381CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Skogman K, Alsén M, Ojehagen A (2004) Sex differences in risk factors for suicide after attempted suicide-a follow-up study of 1052 suicide attempters. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39(2):113–120CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Miller M, Warren M, Hemenway D, Azreal D (2013) Firearms and suicide in US cities. Inj Prev 3(10):2013–040969Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jeon H, Lee JY, Lee YM, Hong JP, Won SH, Cho SJ, Kim JY, Chang SM, Lee HW, Cho MJ (2010) Unplanned versus planned suicide attempters, precipitants, methods, and an association with mental disorders in a Korea-based community sample. J Affect Disord 127(1–3):274–280CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    McKay K, Tighe J (2013) Talking through the dead: the impact and interplay of lived grief after suicide. Omega J Death Dying 68(2):111–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wiebe DJ (2003) Homicide and suicide risks associated with firearms in the home: a national case-control study. Ann Emerg Med 41(6):771–782CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baek K, Park J, Ahn J, Roh SW, Heo J, Fava M, Mischoulon D, Jeon HJ (2015) Review of suicide prevention programs: Massachusetts, United States, in comparison with Seoul. Psychiatry Investig 12(3):281–287. doi:  10.4306/pi.2015.12.3.281 (Published online 2015 Jul 6, PMCID: PMC4504908)
  14. 14.
    Reyniers T, Deliens L, Pasman HR, Morin L, Addington-Hall J, Frova L, Cardenas-Turanzas M, Onwuteaka-Philipsen B, Naylor W, Ruiz-Ramos M, Wilson DM, Loucka M, Csikos A, Rhee YJ, Teno J, Cohen J, Houttekier D (2015) International variation in place of death of older people who died from dementia in 14 European and non-European countries. J Am Med Dir Assoc 16(2):165–171. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2014.11.003 [Epub 2014 Dec 18] CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hirsch JK (2006) A review of the literature on rural suicide: risk and protective factors. Incid Prev 27(4):189–199Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Judd F, Cooper AM, Fraser C, Davis J (2006) Rural suicide—people or place effects? Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40(3):208–216Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    World Health Organization (2014) Preventing suicide. A global imperative. World Health Organization, LuxenbourgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • YongJoo Rhee
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dirk Houttekier
    • 3
  • Roderick MacLeod
    • 4
  • Donna M. Wilson
    • 5
  • Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas
    • 6
  • Martin Loucka
    • 11
  • Regis Aubry
    • 7
    • 10
  • Joan Teno
    • 8
  • Sungwon Roh
    • 9
  • Mark A. Reinecke
    • 2
  • Luc Deliens
    • 3
  • Joachim Cohen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health SciencesDongduk Women’s UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesFeinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  3. 3.End-of-Life Care Research GroupVrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and Ghent UniversityBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Hammond Care and the University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Faculty of NursingUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  6. 6.Department of General Internal Medicine, MD Anderson Cancer CenterThe University of TexasHoustonUSA
  7. 7.Observatoire National de la Fin de Vie, Croix-Saint-SimonParisFrance
  8. 8.Division of Geriatric Medicine, Cambia Palliative Care Center of ExcellenceUniversity of WashingtonWashingtonUSA
  9. 9.Department of Mental Health ResearchSeoul National HospitalSeoulSouth Korea
  10. 10.Service de soins palliatifs CHUBesançonFrance
  11. 11.Center for Palliative CarePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations