Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 395–404

Severity of club drug dependence and perceived need for treatment among a sample of adult club drug users in Shanghai, China

  • Yingying Ding
  • Na He
  • Steven Shoptaw
  • Meiyang Gao
  • Roger Detels
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00127-013-0713-z

Cite this article as:
Ding, Y., He, N., Shoptaw, S. et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (2014) 49: 395. doi:10.1007/s00127-013-0713-z

Abstract

Purpose

Examine the severity of club drug dependence and perceived need for treatment, and further identify their determinants among a sample of club drug users in Shanghai, China.

Methods

Two hundred and seventy-six club drug users were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Severity of dependence on club drugs was measured using the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS).

Results

69.9 % reported dependence on club drugs (i.e., SDS ≥ 4) and 36.6 % reported severe dependence (i.e., SDS ≥ 6). One-eighth (12.7 %) perceived need for drug treatment. Severe dependence on club drugs was more likely among those who reported recent use of ecstasy and those who had more depressive symptoms, but less likely among those reporting recent use of methamphetamine. Perceived need for treatment was more likely among those who lived with a spouse or boy/girlfriend, but less likely among those had prior drug treatment experience and more severe club drug dependence.

Conclusions

Our findings suggest that educational activities should be implemented to raise public awareness about the powerful addictive properties of club drugs, along with efforts to reduce stigma towards drug abuse and psychiatric disorders. Programs to motivate drug users to seek treatment and encourage treatment linkage are urgently needed.

Keywords

Club drugs New-type drugs Methamphetamine Ecstasy Drug dependence Perceived need for treatment 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingying Ding
    • 1
    • 3
  • Na He
    • 1
  • Steven Shoptaw
    • 2
  • Meiyang Gao
    • 1
  • Roger Detels
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthFudan University, The Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety of Ministry of EducationShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Family Medicine and Psychiatry, David Geffen School of MedicineUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology, UCLA Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public HealthUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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