Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 48, Issue 11, pp 1767–1776 | Cite as

Relationship of early-life stress and resilience to military adjustment in a young adulthood population

  • Kang Choi
  • Hyoungjune Im
  • Joohan Kim
  • Kwang H. Choi
  • Duk-In Jon
  • Hyunju Hong
  • Narei Hong
  • Eunjung Lee
  • Jeong-Ho Seok
Original Paper



Early-life stress (ELS) may mediate adjustment problems while resilience may protect individuals against adjustment problems during military service. We investigated the relationship of ELS and resilience with adjustment problem factor scores in the Korea Military Personality Test (KMPT) in candidates for the military service.


Four hundred and sixty-one candidates participated in this study. Vulnerability traits for military adjustment, ELS, and resilience were assessed using the KMPT, the Korean Early-Life Abuse Experience Questionnaire, and the Resilience Quotient Test, respectively. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analyses.


The final model of the multiple linear regression analyses explained 30.2 % of the total variances of the sum of the adjustment problem factor scores of the KMPT. Neglect and exposure to domestic violence had a positive association with the total adjustment problem factor scores of the KMPT, but emotion control, impulse control, and optimism factor scores as well as education and occupational status were inversely associated with the total military adjustment problem score.


ELS and resilience are important modulating factors in adjusting to military service. We suggest that neglect and exposure to domestic violence during early life may increase problem with adjustment, but capacity to control emotion and impulse as well as optimistic attitude may play protective roles in adjustment to military life. The screening procedures for ELS and the development of psychological interventions may be helpful for young adults to adjust to military service.


Neglect Domestic violence Resilience Optimism Military adjustment 



This study was supported by the 2010 Jisan cultural psychiatric research grant of the Korean Foundation of Neuropsychiatric Research. Some of the results of this study were presented as a new research poster (poster No. NR 4-78) at the 163rd Annual meeting of American Psychiatric Association in New Orleans, LA in 2010.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kang Choi
    • 2
  • Hyoungjune Im
    • 3
  • Joohan Kim
    • 4
  • Kwang H. Choi
    • 5
  • Duk-In Jon
    • 6
  • Hyunju Hong
    • 6
  • Narei Hong
    • 6
  • Eunjung Lee
    • 2
  • Jeong-Ho Seok
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Institute of Behavioral Science in MedicineYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Gyeonggi Northern Regional Military Manpower OfficeUijeongbuKorea
  3. 3.Department of Industrial MedicineHallym University Sacred Heart HospitalAnyangKorea
  4. 4.Department of CommunicationYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Studies of Traumatic StressUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.Department of PsychiatryHallym University Sacred Heart HospitalAnyangKorea

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