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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 47, Issue 11, pp 1727–1731 | Cite as

Mental health research in the Arab world

  • Doris Jaalouk
  • Ahmed Okasha
  • Mariana M. Salamoun
  • Elie G. KaramEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the progression of mental health research over four decades in the Arab world.

Methods

Publications on mental health in 21 Arab countries from 1966 to 2006 were screened using PubMed and Psychinfo. Data were collected and analyzed for Arab authors and affiliations, publication year, topic and type of journal.

Results

In 40 years (1966–2005), the Arab world published 2,213 articles on a vast variety of topics, most common being mood, anxiety and substance use disorders, and mostly in international journals. By the last decade, the total yearly publications increased about eightfold since the first two decades, and nearly doubled from the third one. The disparity of output was high across countries. The highest yearly output was from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Lebanon. Per million population, the top four producing countries were Kuwait, Bahrain, Lebanon and United Arab Emirates.

Conclusions

Over a decade, the Arab world produced approximately 17% of the global output of mental health publications/million population and was comparative to Latin American and Caribbean countries. There is a wide gap in comparison with the industrialized world, with a fertile ground for cross-cultural and genetic studies.

Keywords

Arabs Mental health Research Productivity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Arab Federation of Psychiatrists for supporting in part the data collection for the writing of this article. Unrestricted grants from Janssen Cilag, Eli Lilly, Novartis, AstraZeneca, Hikma Pharm, Pfizer and Servier. In addition to Lundeck Institute, and Wyeth from Egypt.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Doris Jaalouk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ahmed Okasha
    • 3
  • Mariana M. Salamoun
    • 1
  • Elie G. Karam
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Development Research Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC)BeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Faculty of Nursing & Health SciencesNotre Dame University-LouaizeZouk MosbehLebanon
  3. 3.Okasha Institute of PsychiatryAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Clinical PsychologySt George Hospital University Medical CenterBeirutLebanon
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of MedicineBalamand UniversityBeirutLebanon

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