Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 45, Issue 7, pp 695–704

Does the prevalence of CD and ODD vary across cultures?

  • Glorisa Canino
  • Guilherme Polanczyk
  • Jose J. Bauermeister
  • Luis A. Rohde
  • Paul J. Frick
Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

The worldwide prevalence of conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is presented to examine the first of four criteria used in other studies to determine the validity of psychiatric disorders across cultures.

Methods

The authors searched Medline and PsycINFO from 1987 to 2008. Studies were included if they were representative of specific communities or countries and reported point prevalence of CD or ODD according to DSM-III-R or DSM-IV criteria for children 18 years or younger.

Results

Only methodological and not geographic factors were associated with variability of the prevalence estimates.

Conclusions

The results are discussed in terms of their significance for the classification of disorders and the need for further research to establish the validity of these two disorders across cultures.

Keywords

Conduct disorder Oppositional defiant disorder Prevalence across cultures 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glorisa Canino
    • 1
  • Guilherme Polanczyk
    • 2
  • Jose J. Bauermeister
    • 1
  • Luis A. Rohde
    • 2
  • Paul J. Frick
    • 3
  1. 1.Behavioral Sciences Research InstituteUniversity of Puerto RicoSan JuanUSA
  2. 2.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DivisionHospital de Clinicas de Porto AlegrePorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

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