Body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety and depressive symptoms in Chinese medical students
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This cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction, body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety and depressive symptoms in first-year medical students in China.
A self-report survey design was employed, using the Body Shape Questionnaire, Swansea Muscularity Attitudes Questionnaire, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire. A total of 487 first-year medical students participated.
About one-third of participants (32.5%) indicated that they were very concerned about some aspect of their appearance unrelated to weight, with six female participants (1.3%) screening positive for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Those who displayed concern with their appearance (including those who did not screen positive for BDD) had higher levels of depressive and social anxiety symptoms than those who had no appearance concerns.
KeywordsBody dysmorphic disorder Body image concern Social anxiety symptoms Depressive symptoms
Funding for this study was provided by the Natural Science Foundation of China, Grant Nos. 60433020, and the National Key Basic Research and Development Program (973), Grant No. 2007CB512301.
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