Sociocultural adjustment among sojourning Malaysian students in Britain: a replication and path analytic extension

  • Viren SwamiEmail author
  • Adriane Arteche
  • Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
  • Adrian Furnham
Original Paper


The present study examined the sociocultural adjustment of 249 sojourning Malaysian undergraduates in Britain. One-hundred and ten Malay and 139 Chinese students enrolled in various courses answered a self-report questionnaire that examined various aspects of sociocultural adjustment and socio-demographics. Overall, Malay students reported significantly poorer sociocultural adjustment than Chinese students, as well as more negative outcomes on a range of predictors. Path analysis for the total sample showed that higher family income led to greater sociocultural adjustment, but partially because it led to more contact with host and conationals, better language proficiency, lower perceived cultural differences and less perceived discrimination. Moreover, participants with higher English proficiency were better adapted, but partially because they perceived less cultural differences as well as having more contact with host nationals. Additionally, individuals reporting better sociocultural adjustment also reported better health statuses. The same model was equally useful at predicting sociocultural adjustment for both Malay and Chinese participants. These results are discussed in terms of the role played by income in buffering against the negative aspects of sociocultural adjustment.


Sociocultural adjustment Immigration Malaysian students Family income 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viren Swami
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Adriane Arteche
    • 3
  • Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
    • 4
  • Adrian Furnham
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WestminsterLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyHELP University CollegeKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Winnicott Research UnitUniversity of ReadingReadingUK
  4. 4.Department of Psychology, GoldsmithsUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  5. 5.Division of Psychology and Languages SciencesUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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