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Adverse life events among community-dwelling persons aged 65–70 years: gender differences in occurrence and perceived psychological consequences

  • Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud
  • Athanassia Karmaniola
  • Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
Original Paper

Abstract

Objectives

To describe the occurrence of selected adverse life events in young-old men and women, as well as their perceived psychological consequences.

Methods

In 2005, 1,422 participants in the Lausanne Cohort 65+ study, born in 1934–1938, self-reported whether they experienced any of 26 life events during the preceding year. Most participants (N = 1,309, 92%) completed the geriatric adverse life events scale during a face-to-face interview, by rating the level of stress associated with each event, as well as its impact on their psychological well-being.

Results

Overall, 72% of the participants experienced at least one of the 26 events in the preceding year (range 1–9). Disease affecting the respondent (N = 525) or a close relative (N = 276) was most frequent, as well as the death of a friend or non-close relative (N = 274). Women indicated a higher frequency of events (mean 2.1 vs. 1.7 events, P < 0.001), as well as a higher level of stress and a stronger negative impact on well-being than men. In multivariate analyses adjusting for self-rated health, depressive symptoms and comorbidity, female gender remained significantly associated with the level of stress and negative impact on psychological well-being.

Conclusion

This exploratory study shows that several types of adverse life events frequently occur at age 65–70, with gender differences both in the frequency of reporting and consequences of these events. However, information on this topic is limited and studies based on different populations and designs are needed to better understand the impact of such events.

Keywords

Life change events Aged Adaptation psychological Gender 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the persons who enrolled in the Lc65+ study, and the Loterie Romande (non-profit organisation supporting research and social projects) for their grant to the Fondation Lausanne cohorte Lc65+.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud
    • 1
  • Athanassia Karmaniola
    • 1
  • Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Services Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive MedicineUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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