Does remission from alcohol and drug use disorders increase the likelihood of smoking cessation among nicotine dependent young adults?
This article tests the hypothesis that remission from substance use disorders is associated with smoking cessation in nicotine dependent young adults.
Design and methods
The sample was composed of 976 young adults with lifetime substance use disorders and nicotine dependence who were subjects in the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol abuse and related conditions (NESARC). The Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV Version was used to assess lifetime and past year psychiatric disorders.
Past year nicotine cessation was obtained by self-report. Remission from substance use disorders was defined as the past year absence of DSM-IV substance use disorders . This study found that remission from substance use disorders increased the likelihood of smoking abstinence (OR = 1.7).
Our study found that remission from substance use disorders increased the likelihood of smoking abstinence in early adulthood. This finding is congruent with results from longitudinal studies.
Keywordsnicotine abstinence recovery substance dependence
- 10.Drug abuse treatment outcome study. [cited 2008]; Available from: http://www.icpr.umich.edu
- 19.Hosner D, Lemeshow S (2000) Applied logistic regression, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 28.National Center for Disease Prevention and Health 2006. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/research_data/health_consequences/mortali.htm [cited
- 30.Reid MS, et al (2007) Smoking cessation treatment in community-based substance abuse rehabilitation programs. J Subst Abuse Treat 35:68–77Google Scholar
- 40.Ziedonis D, Fiester SJ (2003) Substance abuse: nicotine dependence. In: Tasman A, Kay J, Lieberman JA (eds) Pscyhiatry. 2nd edn. Wiley, West Sussex, 1086–1101Google Scholar
- 41.Department of Human and Health Services, Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA. http://www.oas.samsha.gov/nhds/tobacco/chapter2.htm