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Acculturation, psychiatric comorbidity and posttraumatic stress disorder in a Taiwanese aboriginal population

  • Chau-Shoun Lee
  • Jung-Chen Chang
  • Chia-Yih Liu
  • Ching-Jui Chang
  • Tony H. H. Chen
  • Chien-Hsiun Chen
  • Andrew T. A. ChengEmail author
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Background

This study investigates acculturation and other antecedent psychiatric and socio-environmental risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in one aboriginal group (the Bunun) exposed to an earthquake disaster in Taiwan.

Method

Respondents (n = 196) were assessed 5 months after the disaster, using a Chinese version of the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry and the Taiwan Aboriginal Acculturation Scale.

Result

Four risk factors exerted independent effect on the risk of PTSD, including magnitude of the earthquake, subsequent traumas, antecedent major depressive disorder and acculturation status.

Conclusion

Public mental health programs need to consider the liability to PTSD in populations with different ethnicity and socio-cultural environments.

Keywords

earthquake PTSD acculturation psychiatric comorbidity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the excellent performance of the local aboriginal assistants.

Declaration of interest

The work was supported by a grant from the Academia Sinica, Taiwan.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chau-Shoun Lee
    • 1
  • Jung-Chen Chang
    • 2
  • Chia-Yih Liu
    • 3
  • Ching-Jui Chang
    • 4
  • Tony H. H. Chen
    • 5
  • Chien-Hsiun Chen
    • 6
  • Andrew T. A. Cheng
    • 7
    Email author
  1. 1.Dept. of PsychiatryLo-Tung Poh-Ai HospitalYilanTaiwan
  2. 2.Ching Kuo Institute of Management and HealthKeelungTaiwan
  3. 3.Dept. of PsychiatryLinko Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, and Chang Gung UniversityTao-YuanTaiwan
  4. 4.Dept. of PsychiatryCathay General HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Division of Biostatistic Graduate Institute of Epidemiology Center of Biostatistical Consultation, College of Public HealthNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  6. 6.National Genotyping CenterInstitute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  7. 7.Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan

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