Clinical correlates of the caregiving experience for Chinese caregivers of patients with schizophrenia

  • Victoria Wing Kay TangEmail author
  • Siu Kau Leung
  • Linda Chiu-Wa Lam



To assess the correlation between clinical characteristics and the caregiving experience of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia.

Patients and methods

Two hundred and one patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers were recruited from a psychiatric clinic. The involvement evaluation questionnaire (IEQ) and the general health questionnaire (GHQ) were administered to the caregivers. The patients were assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview, the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and the global assessment of functioning scale (GAF). Correlation analysis and regression analysis was performed to identify the best predictors of caregiver stress.


The most important clinical predictor of caregiver stress as assessed using IEQ was the GAF, followed by PANSS-Pos and Neg scores and admission. Positive symptoms contributed more to overall caregiver stress than negative symptoms.


Both symptom severity and patient function were important factors in the caregiver experience. Treatment should aim not only to reduce symptoms but also maximize function. Service planning should include psychosocial intervention involving caregivers.

Key words

caregivers clinical correlation Chinese schizophrenia predictors 



The authors would like to thank Professor A. Schene and Professor H. Chiu for permission to use the IEQ and the Chinese version of the SCID. We would also like to thank all the patients and caregivers who kindly consented to participate in this study. This research is a part of the dissertation for the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists Fellowship Examination.

Conflict of interest There is no financial support or conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Wing Kay Tang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Siu Kau Leung
    • 1
  • Linda Chiu-Wa Lam
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of PsychiatryCastle Peak HospitalTuen MunChina
  2. 2.Dept. of PsychiatryThe Chinese University of Hong KongNew TerritoriesChina

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