Ethnic Norwegian and ethnic minority adolescents in Oslo, Norway
- 320 Downloads
Little is known about ethnic disparities in mental health during late teens. The aim of this study was to compare changes in self reported mental health between adolescents with ethnic Norwegian and ethnic minority background aged 15-16 years followed for three years.
The youth part of the Oslo Health Study constituted the baseline of this self-reported longitudinal study, carried out in schools in 2001 (n = 3811). The follow-up in 2004 was conducted partly in school and partly through mail. A total of 2489 (1112 boys and 1377 girls) participated in the follow-up. Twenty percent of the participants had an ethnic minority background. Mental health was measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10).
Ethnic minority boys and girls reported poorer mental health than ethnic Norwegians of the same sex, both at baseline and follow-up. Exceptions were hyperactivity-inattention problems and prosocial behaviours where no differences were found. Consistent changes from baseline to follow-up were; an increase in mental distress and prosocial behaviour. No ethnic disparities were found for changes in mental health from ages 15 to 18 between the two groups. There was no different effect of perceived family economy, parents’ marital status and socioeconomic region of residence in Oslo on change in mental health between ethnic Norwegian and ethnic minority boys and girls from age 15 to 18 years.
Ethnic disparities in mental health remained the same from age 15-16 and throughout teenage years. Demographic factors adjusted for had no different impact on changes in mental health between host and immigrant adolescents.
Key wordsadolescent mental health SDQ immigrants longitudinal study
- 1.American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 4.Berry JW (1997) Immigration, Acculturation and Adaption. Appl Psychol 46:5–46Google Scholar
- 6.Canadian Task Force (1998) Review of the literature on migrant mental health. Ministry of Supply and Services, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- 17.Haapea M, Miettunen J, Veijola J, Lauronen E, Tanskanen P, Isohanni M (2007) Non-participation may bias the results of a psychiatric survey: an analysis from the survey including magnetic resonance imaging within the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:403–409PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 21.Lie B (2002) Immigration and immigrants 2002. Statistisk sentralbyrå, OsloGoogle Scholar
- 22.Lien L, Dalgard F, Heyerdahl S, Thoresen M, Bjertness E (2006) The relationship between age of menarche and mental distress in Norwegian adolescent girls and girls from different immigrant groups in Norway: results from an urban city cross-sectional survey. Soc Sci Med 63:285–295PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 27.van Oort FV, Joung IM, Mackenbach JP, Verhulst FC, gi-Arslan L, Crijnen AA, van der EJ (2007) Development of ethnic disparities in internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence into young adulthood. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:176–184Google Scholar
- 28.van Oort FV, van der EJ, Crijnen AA, Verhulst FC, Mackenbach JP, Joung IM (2006) Ethnic disparities in problem behaviour in adolescence contribute to ethnic disparities in social class in adulthood. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:50–56Google Scholar
- 31.Rognerud M, Stensvold I (eds) (1998) Oslohelsa. Utredning om helse, miljø og sosial ulikhet i bydelene (The Oslo Health Repport. Report about health, environment and social inequality in the local districts). Centre of Preventive Medicine, Ullevål University Hospital, OsloGoogle Scholar
- 35.Rutter M (1998) Antisocial behavior by young people. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- 37.SDQ. Information for researchers and professionals about the Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaires [homepage on the Internet]. Available at: http://www.sdqinfo.com/. Accessed 2 Apr 2006
- 38.Sagatun A, Søgaard A-J, and Bjertness E, Youth 2004: Methods [online]. Available at: http://www.fhi.no/dav/A34847D246.pdf. Accessed 28 Aug 2006
- 39.Schneiders J, Drukker M, van der EJ, Verhulst FC, van OJ, Nicolson NA (2003) Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and behavioural problems from late childhood into early adolescence. J Epidemiol Community Health 57:699–703Google Scholar
- 40.Selmer R, Søgaard A-J, Bjertness E, Telle D (2003) The Oslo Health Study:Reminding the non-responders - effects on prevalence estimates. Norsk Epidemiologi 13:89–94Google Scholar
- 42.Stevens GW, Pels T, gi-Arslan L, Verhulst FC, Vollebergh WA, Crijnen AA (2003) Parent, teacher and self-reported problem behavior in The Netherlands: comparing Moroccan immigrant with Dutch and with Turkish immigrant children and adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:576–585PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 46.Søgaard A-J, Eie T The Oslo Health Study (HUBRO)–The Youth part (UNGHUBRO): Methods [online]. Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Available at: http://www.fhi.no/dav/831c96A203.doc. Accessed 8 May 2006
- 47.Verhulst FC, Achenbach TM, van der EJ, Erol N, Lambert MC, Leung PW, Silva MA, Zilber N, Zubrick SR (2003) Comparisons of problems reported by youths from seven countries. Am J Psychiatry 160:1479–1485Google Scholar
- 48.Vollebergh WA, ten HM, Dekovic M, Oosterwegel A, Pels T, Veenstra R, de WA, Ormel H, Verhulst F (2005) Mental health in immigrant children in the Netherlands. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:489–496Google Scholar