Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

, Volume 41, Issue 8, pp 674–678 | Cite as

Depression amongst Nigerian university students

Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates
  • Abiodun O. Adewuya
  • Bola A. Ola
  • Olutayo O. Aloba
  • Boladale M. Mapayi
  • Olaleye O. Oginni



This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and examine the socio-demographic correlates of depressive disorder among university students in Western Nigeria.


A representative sample of students living in the halls of residence of a federal university (n = 1,206) completed sets of questionnaires on socio-demographic details, problems encountered in the university, alcohol use and smoking. Depressive disorder was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI).


A total of 101 (8.3%) students met the criteria for depressive disorder with 68 (5.6%) having minor depressive disorder and 33 (2.7%) having major depressive disorder. The factors that were significantly associated with depressive disorders in the students include problems with accommodation (OR 2.72, 95% CI 1.79–4.16), very large family size (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.42–5.73), female gender (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.46–3.35), heavy cigarette smoking (OR 3.67, 95% CI 2.23–6.05) and high level of alcohol consumption (OR 9.44, 95% CI 3.32–26.89).


Depression is common among Nigerian university students and significantly associated with sociodemographic factors. An effective model for the prediction of the development of depression in university students need to be developed and evaluated and interventions aimed at reducing the incidence of depression among this population need further research.

Key words

depression college students risk factors prevalence 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag Darmstadt 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abiodun O. Adewuya
    • 1
  • Bola A. Ola
    • 1
  • Olutayo O. Aloba
    • 1
  • Boladale M. Mapayi
    • 1
  • Olaleye O. Oginni
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Mental HealthObafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Wesley Guild HospitalIlesaNigeria
  2. 2.Dept. of MedicineObafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals ComplexIle-IfeNigeria

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