The “Carers’ needs assessment for Schizophrenia”

An instrument to assess the needs of relatives caring for schizophrenia patients
  • Johannes WancataEmail author
  • Monika Krautgartner
  • Julia Berner
  • Sabrina Scumaci
  • Marion Freidl
  • Rainer Alexandrowicz
  • Hans Rittmannsberger



For the purpose of service planning, an instrument was developed for the systematic assessment of interventions needed by the caregivers of schizophrenia patients.


The development of this instrument was based on in-depth interviews and focus groups. It consists of 18 areas describing common problems of schizophrenia caregivers. For each of these problem areas several possible interventions are offered. Concurrent validity, inter-rater and retest reliability were tested among 50 caregivers.


The kappa values for the inter-rater reliability are predominantly excellent (kappa > 0.75). The values for the retest reliability show a wide range between excellent (kappa > 0.75) and fair agreement (kappa 0.40–0.60). The significant correlations found between summary scores of this new instrument and several sub-scales of the Family Problem Questionnaire support the assumption that the concurrent validity is satisfactory.


These results suggest that this instrument is both valid and reliable.

Key words

schizophrenia caregiver needs validity reliability  



This research was supported by a grant of the Jubilaeumsfond der Oesterreichischen Nationalbank (Grant No. 9001).


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag Darmstadt 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Wancata
    • 1
    Email author
  • Monika Krautgartner
    • 1
  • Julia Berner
    • 1
  • Sabrina Scumaci
    • 1
  • Marion Freidl
    • 1
  • Rainer Alexandrowicz
    • 2
  • Hans Rittmannsberger
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of PsychiatryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of KlagenfurtKlagenfurtAustria
  3. 3.Dept. of PsychiatryPsychiatric Hospital LinzLinzAustria

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