Mediators of neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation and quality of life
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We examined associations between neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation and health-related quality of life, and estimated the mediating effects of individual-level lifestyle, housing, and perception of the neighbourhood environment.
Two different data sources were used: 1) neighbourhood- level objective socioeconomic indicators, and 2) individual-level questionnaires from a community survey (response rate: 48%) to assess quality of life, neighbourhood perceptions, housing variables, and lifestyle. Multilevel analyses were conducted using both neighbourhood-level and individual-level data.
Neighbourhood-level socioeconomic deprivation was associated with two aspects of individual-level quality of life: mental health and perceived health. Individual-level neighbourhood perceptions regarding social cohesion mediated these associations. Lifestyle also had mediating effects.
Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation variables may impact on the individual through cognitive mechanisms that are associated with appraisal of the wider social environment.
Key wordsquality of life neighbourhood disadvantaged socioeconomic status social capital cognition
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