A comparison of anxiety and depressive symptomatology in postpartum and non-postpartum mothers
The aim of the study was to compare the distribution of symptoms of anxiety and depression among postpartum as compared with non-postpartum mothers, and to estimate the impact of the postpartum period on the risk of anxiety and depression when adjusted for other risk factors.
A questionnaire survey approaching all women 18–40 years of age in two municipalities in Norway during the period 1998–1999 was conducted. A total of 2,730 women were included, of whom 416 were in the postpartum period. Only women with one or more deliveries (n = 1,794) were included in the multivariate analyses.
The crude prevalence of anxiety and depression was lower in postpartum as compared to non-postpartum mothers. However, when controlling for other risk factors, the odds ratio for anxiety was 1.2 (95% CI: 0.6–2.3) and for depression 1.8 (95% CI: 1.1–2.9) during the postpartum period.
The overall risk of anxiety appeared to be the same in both groups, whereas the risk of depression was increased in the postpartum group.
Key wordspostpartum depression prevalence epidemiology risk factors
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