Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp 797–814 | Cite as

Ore genesis and geodynamic setting of the Lianhuashan porphyry tungsten deposit, eastern Guangdong Province, SE China: constraints from muscovite 40Ar−39Ar and zircon U–Pb dating and Hf isotopes

  • Peng LiuEmail author
  • Jingwen Mao
  • Franco Pirajno
  • Lihui Jia
  • Feng Zhang
  • Yang Li


The Lianhuashan deposit has long been regarded as a typical tungsten porphyry deposit, located in the eastern Guangdong Province, in the Southeastern Coastal Metallogenic Belt (SCMB). LA–MC–ICP–MS zircon U–Pb dating of the quartz porphyry yielded a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 137.3 ± 2.0 Ma, which is interpreted as the emplacement age of the quartz porphyry. Hydrothermal muscovite yielded a plateau 40Ar/39Ar age of 133.2 ± 0.9 Ma, which is consistent with the zircon U–Pb age, suggesting that the tungsten mineralization is genetically related to the quartz porphyry. Combined with previous studies, we suggest that there is a 145–135 Ma episode linking the granitic magmas with W–Sn ore systems in the SCMB. Zircon εHf (t) values of the quartz porphyry are in range of − 3.8 to 0.9, and the two-stage Hf model ages (TDM2) are 1.1–1.4 Ga, which is younger than the basement rocks in the Cathaysia Block (1.8–2.2 Ga), signifying that the quartz porphyry was predominantly derived from melting of Mesoproterozoic crust containing variable amounts of mantle components. In combination with the newly recognized coeval alkaline/bimodal magmatism and A-type granites in eastern Guangdong, we suggest that the 145–135 Ma W–Sn metallogenic event of the SCMB is related to a geodynamic setting of large-scale lithospheric extension and thinning, which can be ascribed to melting of the crust caused by mantle upwelling, triggered by the oblique subduction of the Izanagi plate.


Zircon U–Pb Muscovite Ar–Ar Lianhuashan Porphyry tungsten deposit Southeastern Coastal Metallogenic Belt 



We give special thanks to the Chief Editor Prof. Bernd Lehmann, Associate Editor Prof. Ruizhong Hu, and anonymous reviewers for their critical and constructive reviews. We appreciate help from Kejun Hou, Chunli Guo, and Yan Zhang at the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences in Beijing, for their technical assistances with the zircon U–Pb dating, Lu–Hf isotopes, and muscovite 40Ar−39Ar dating analyses. We are also grateful to Mr. Shaobin Li, Mr. Xiongguan Ma, and Mr. Ruichao Huang from No. 2 Geological Team of Guangdong Bureau of Geology in Shantou, for their assistance during the field work. This study was jointly funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (41430314), the Project of Guangzhou Jiaye Investment Corporation (H02582), and the Project of Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation of Beijing (519002650744).

Supplementary material

126_2017_779_Fig12_ESM.jpg (1.2 mb)
Fig. 1

Cathodoluminescence (CL) images of representative zircons separated from the quartz porphyry (JPEG 1257 kb)

126_2017_779_Fig13_ESM.jpg (96 kb)
Fig. 2

Frequency of zircon Hf two-stage model ages for the 160–150 Ma granitoids related to the Nanling W–Sn mineralization and 145–135 Ma granitoids related to the W–Sn mineralization in the southwestern part of the SCMB, eastern Guangdong (JPEG 96 kb)

126_2017_779_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 24 kb)
126_2017_779_MOESM2_ESM.docx (23 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 22 kb)
126_2017_779_MOESM3_ESM.docx (25 kb)
ESM 3 (DOCX 25 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Mineral ResourceChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Gold Geological Institute of CAPFLangfangChina
  3. 3.MRL Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral ResourcesChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Centre for Exploration TargetingUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  5. 5.No. 2 Geological Team of Guangdong Bureau of GeologyShantouChina

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