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Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 1055–1073 | Cite as

Mantle source of the 2.44–2.50-Ga mantle plume-related magmatism in the Fennoscandian Shield: evidence from Os, Nd, and Sr isotope compositions of the Monchepluton and Kemi intrusions

  • Sheng-Hong YangEmail author
  • Eero Hanski
  • Chao LiEmail author
  • Wolfgang D. Maier
  • Hannu Huhma
  • Artem V. Mokrushin
  • Rais Latypov
  • Yann Lahaye
  • Hugh O’Brien
  • Wen-Jun Qu
Article

Abstract

Significant PGE and Cr mineralization occurs in a number of 2.44–2.50-Ga mafic layered intrusions located across the Karelian and Kola cratons. The intrusions have been interpreted to be related to mantle plume activity. Most of the intrusions have negative εNd values of about −1 to −2 and slightly radiogenic initial Sr isotope compositions of about 0.702 to 0.703. One potential explanation is crustal contamination of a magma derived from a mantle plume, but another possibility is that the magma was derived from metasomatized sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Samples from the upper chromitite layers of the Kemi intrusion and most samples from the previously studied Koitelainen and Akanvaara intrusions have supra-chondritic γOs values indicating some crustal contamination, which may have contributed to the formation of chromitites in these intrusions. Chromite separates from the main ore zone of the Kemi and Monchepluton intrusions show nearly chondritic γOs, similar to the coeval Vetreny belt komatiites. We suggest that the Os isotope composition of the primitive magma was not significantly changed by crustal contamination due to a high Os content of the magma and a low Os content of the contaminant. Modeling suggests that the Os and Nd isotope compositions of the Monchepluton and Kemi intrusions cannot be explained by assuming a magma source in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle with sub-chondritic γOs. A better match for the isotope data would be a plume mantle source with chondritic Re/Os and Os isotope composition, followed by crustal contamination.

Keywords

Chromite Os isotopes Nd isotopes Mantle plume Layered intrusions Paleoproterozoic Fennoscandian Shield 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Liming Zhou, Andao Du, Fagang Zeng, and Li Li are thanked for Re-Os isotope analysis. Laboratory assistance in Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr analysis by Tuula Hokkanen and Arto Pulkkinen is acknowledged. Riitta Kontio is thanked for preparing chromite separates. Brain O’Driscoll and Alexandra Yang Yang are thanked for constructive reviews and Bernd Lehmann for editorial handling of the manuscript. This work was funded by the projects of Academy of Finland (No. 276614, 281859) and the K.H. Renlund Foundation.

Supplementary material

126_2016_673_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 1 Sm-Nd isotope data source of different granitoids from the Karelian Craton, ranging in age from ∼2.44 Ga to ∼3.4 Ga. (DOCX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheng-Hong Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eero Hanski
    • 1
  • Chao Li
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wolfgang D. Maier
    • 3
  • Hannu Huhma
    • 4
  • Artem V. Mokrushin
    • 5
  • Rais Latypov
    • 6
  • Yann Lahaye
    • 4
  • Hugh O’Brien
    • 4
  • Wen-Jun Qu
    • 2
  1. 1.Oulu Mining SchoolUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Re-Os Isotope GeochemistryChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Ocean SciencesUniversity of CardiffCardiffUK
  4. 4.Geological Survey of FinlandEspooFinland
  5. 5.Geological Institute, Kola Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesApatityRussia
  6. 6.School of GeosciencesUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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