Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 455–463 | Cite as

Evidence for an Early Cretaceous mineralizing event above the basement/sediment unconformity in the intracratonic Paris Basin: paragenetic sequence and Sm-Nd dating of the world-class Pierre-Perthuis stratabound fluorite deposit

  • Morgane Gigoux
  • Guillaume Delpech
  • Catherine Guerrot
  • Maurice Pagel
  • Thierry Augé
  • Philippe Négrel
  • Benjamin Brigaud
Letter

Abstract

World-class stratabound fluorite deposits are spatially associated with the basement/sediment unconformity of the intracratonic Paris Basin and the Morvan Massif in Burgundy (France). The reserves are estimated to be about 5.5 Mt of fluorite within six fluorite deposits. In this study, we aim to determine the age of the major fluorite mineralization event of the Pierre-Perthuis deposit (1.4 Mt fluorite) by a combined study of the paragenetic mineral sequence and Sm-Nd dating on fluorite crystals. Fluorite occurs as isolated cubes or filling geodes in a Triassic, silicified, dolomitic formation. Three fluorite stages associated with sphalerite, pyrite, galena, barite, and quartz have been distinguished using optical, cathodoluminescence, and scanning electron microscopes. Seven crystals of the geodic fluorite stage were analyzed for their rare earth element (REE) contents and their 147Sm/144Nd and 143Nd/144Nd isotopic compositions. The normalized REE distribution displays homogeneous bell-shaped patterns for all the geodic fluorite samples with a Mid-REE enrichment over the Light-REE and Heavy-REE. The 147Sm/144Nd varies from 0.3108 to 0.5504 and the 143Nd/144Nd from 0.512313 to 0.512518. A six-point Sm-Nd isochron defines an age of 130 ± 15 Ma (initial 143Nd/144Nd = 0.512054, MSWD = 0.21). This Sm-Nd isochron provides the first age for the stratabound fluorite sediment-hosted deposit, related to an unconformity in the Paris Basin, and highlights a major Early Cretaceous fluid circulation event mainly above the basement/sediment unconformity during a flexural deformation of the Paris Basin, which relates to the rifting of the Bay of Biscay and the formation of the Ligurian Sea in the Western Europe domain.

Keywords

Stratabound fluorite deposits Paragenesis Sm-Nd dating Paris Basin Morvan Pierre-Perthuis 

References

  1. Alm E, Huhma H, Sundblad K (2005) Preliminary Palaeozoic Sm-Nd ages of fluorite-calcite-galena veins in the southeastern part of the Fennoscandian Shield. ISSN 1402–3091, SKB Rapport R-04-27Google Scholar
  2. Baubron JC, Jébrak M, Joannès C, Lhégu J, Touray JC, Ziserman A (1980) Nouvelles datations K/Ar sur des filons à quartz et fluorine du Massif Central français. C R Acad Sci 290:951–953Google Scholar
  3. Boiron MC, Cathelineau M, Richard A (2010) Fluid flow and metal deposition near basement/cover unconformity: lessons and analogies from Pb-Zn-F-Ba systems for the understanding of Proterozoic U deposits. Geofluids 10:270–292Google Scholar
  4. Brannon JC, Cole CC, Podosek FA, Ragan VM, Coveney RM Jr, Wallace MW, Bradley AJ (1996) Th-Pb and U-Pb dating of ore-stage calcite and Paleozoic fluid flow. Science 271:491–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brigaud B, Durlet C, Deconinck JF, Vincent B, Thierry J, Trouiller A (2009) The origin and timing of multiphase cementation in carbonates: impact of regional scale geodynamic events on the Middle Jurassic limestones diagenesis (Paris Basin, France). Sediment Geol 222:161–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bühn B, Schneider J, Dulski P, Rankin AH (2003) Fluid-rock interaction during progressive migration of carbonatitic fluids, derived from small-scale trace element and Sr, Pb isotope distribution in hydrothermal fluorite. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 67:4577–4592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bulnaev KB (2006) Fluorine-beryllium deposits of the Vitim Highland, western Transbaikal region: mineral types, localization conditions, magmatism, and age. Geol Ore Depos 48:277–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carpentier C, Brigaud B, Blaise T, Vincent B, Durlet C, Boulvais P, Pagel M, Hibsch C, Yven B, Lach P, Cathelineau M, Boiron MC, Landrein P, Buschaert S (2014) Impact of basin burial and exhumation on Jurassic carbonates diagenesis on both sides of a thick clay barrier (Paris Basin, NE France). Mar Pet Geol 53:44–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cathelineau M, Boiron MC, Fourcade S, Ruffet G, Clauer N, Belcourt O, Coulibaly Y, Banks DA, Guillocheau F (2012) A major Late Jurassic event at the basin/basement unconformity in western France: 40Ar/39Ar and K-Ar dating, fluid chemistry, and related geodynamic context. Chem Geol 322–323:99–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cheilletz A, Gasquet D, Filali F, Archibald DA, Nespolo M (2010) A late Triassic 40Ar/39Ar age for the El Hammam high-REE fluorite deposit (Morocco): mineralization related to the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province? Miner Deposita 45:323–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chesley JT, Halliday AN, Kyser TK, Spry PG (1994) Direct dating of Mississippi Valley-Type mineralization: use of Sm-Nd in fluorite. Econ Geol 89:1192–1199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clauer N, Zwingmann H, Chaudhuri S (1996) Isotopic (K-Ar and oxygen) constraints on the extent and importance of the Liassic hydrothermal activity in Western Europe. Clay Miner 31:301–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dill HG, Hansen BT, Weber B (2011) REE contents, REE minerals and Sm/Nd isotopes of granite and unconformity-related fluorite mineralization at the western edge of the Bohemian Massif: with special reference to the Nabburg-Wölsendorf District, SE, Germany. Ore Geol Rev 40:132–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Galindo C, Tornos F, Darbyshire DPF, Casquet C (1994) The age and origin of the barite-fluorite (Pb-Zn) veins of the Sierra del Guadarrama (Spanish Central System, Spain): a radiogenic (Nd, Sr) and stable isotope study. Chem Geol 112:351–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gonzáles-Partida E, Carrillo-Chávez A, Grimmer JOW, Pironon J, Mutterer J, Levresse G (2003) Fluorite deposits at Encantada-Buenavista, Mexico: products of Mississippi Valley type processes. Ore Geol Rev 23:107–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gonzáles-Sánchez F, Camprubí A, Gonzáles-Partida E, Puente-Solís R, Canet C, Centeno-García E, Atudorei V (2009) Regional stratigraphy and distribution of epigenetic stratabound celestine, fluorite, barite and Pb-Zn deposits in the MVT province of northeastern Mexico. Miner Deposita 44:343–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gradstein FM, Ogg JG, Schmitz M, Ogg G (eds) (2012) The geologic time scale 2012. Elsevier, vol 1 and 2, 1444pGoogle Scholar
  18. Graupner T, Mühlbach C, Schwarz-Schampera U, HenjesKunst F, Melcher F, Terblanche H (2015) Mineralogy of high-field-strength elements (Y, Nb, REE) in the world-class Vergenoeg fluorite deposit, South Africa. Ore Geol Rev 64:583–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gromet LP, Dymek RF, Haskin LA, Korotev RL (1984) The “North American composite”: its compilation, major and trace element characteristics. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 48:2469–2482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Guillocheau F, Allemand P, Bourquin S, Brault N, Friedenberg R, Garcia JP, Gaulier JM, Gaumet F, Grosdoy B, Hanot F, La Strat P, Mettraux M, Nalpas T, Prijac C, Rigollet C, Serrano O, Grandjean G (2000) Meso-Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of the Paris Basin: 3D stratigraphic constraints. Geodyn Acta 13:189–246Google Scholar
  21. Joseph D (1974) Etude géologique et minéralogique des gisements de fluorine de Voltenne et de Maine (Saône et Loire, France). Thèse 3ème cycle, Orléans, 82 pGoogle Scholar
  22. Joseph D, Bellon H, Derre C, Touray JC (1973) Fluorite veins dated in the 200 million year range at La Petite Verrière and Chavaniac, France. Econ Geol 68, n° 5, 707–708Google Scholar
  23. Kinnaird JA, Kruger FJ, Cawthorn RG (2004) Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopes in fluorite related to the granites of the Bushveld Complex. S Afr J Geol 107:413–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leach DL, Bradley D, Lewchuk MT, Symons DTA, De Marsily G, Brannon J (2001) Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc deposits through geological time: implications from recent age-dating research. Miner Deposita 36:711–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Levresse G, Tritlla J, Solorio-Munguia JG, Valencia V, Linares PJP (2011) Fluid inclusions and U/Pb dating of the El Pilote fluorite skarn occurrence: metallogenic implications. C R Geosci 343:342–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ludwig KL (1999) ISOPLOT/Ex, version 1.00, a geochronological toolkit for Microsoft Excel: Berkeley Geochronology Center, Special Publication 1Google Scholar
  27. Marignac C, Cuney M (1999) Ore deposits of the French Massif Central: insight into the metallogenesis of the Variscan collision belt. Miner Deposita 34:472–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mark DF, Parnell J, Kelley SP, Lee M, Sherlock SC, Carr A (2005) Dating of multistage fluid flow in sandstones. Science 309:2048–2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meyer M, Brockamp O, Clauer A, Renk A, Zuther M (2000) Further evidence for a Jurassic mineralizing event in central Europe: K-Ar dating of hydrothermal alteration and fluid inclusion systematics in wall rocks of the Käfersteige fluorite vein deposit in the northern Black Forest, Germany. Miner Deposita 35:754–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Montadert L, Roberts DG, De Charpal O, Guennoc P (1979) Rifting and subsidence of the northern continental margin of the Bay of Biscay. In: Montadert L, Roberts D-G et al (eds) Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 48. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp 1025–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Munoz M, Premo WR, Courjault-Radé P (2005) Sm-Nd dating of fluorite from the worldclass Montroc fluorite deposit, southern Massif Central, France. Miner Deposita 39:970–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nakai SI, Halliday AN, Kesler SE, Jones HD, Kyle JR, Lane TE (1993) Rb-Sr dating of sphalerites from Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) ore deposits. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 57:417–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pi T, Solé J, Taran Y (2005) (U-Th)/He dating of fluorite: application to the La Azul fluorspar deposit in the Taxo mining district, Mexico. Miner Deposita 39:976–982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Piqué A, Canals A, Grandia F, Banks DA (2008) Mesozoic fluorite in NE Spain record regional base metal-rich brine circulation through basin and basements during extensional events. Chem Geol 257:139–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Richard P, Shimizu N, Allègre CJ (1976) 143Nd/146Nd, a natural tracer: an application to oceanic basalts. Earth Planet Sci Lett 31:269–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sanchez V, Cardellach E, Corbella M, Vindel E, Martín-Crespo T, Boyce AJ (2010) Variability in fluid sources in the fluorite deposits from Asturies (N Spain): further evidences from REE, radiogenic (Sr, Sm, Nd) and stable (S, C, O) isotope data. Ore Geol Rev 37:87–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Soulé de Lafont D, Lhégu J (1980) Les gisements stratiformes du Morvan (sud-est du bassin de Paris, France), 26 CGI, Paris7-17/07/1980 BRGM fascicule E2, 40 pGoogle Scholar
  38. Steiger RH, Jäger E (1977) Subcommission on geochronology: convention on the use of decay constants in geo- and cosmochronology. Earth Planet Sci Lett 36:359–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Thiry M, Quesnel F, Yans J, Wyns R, Vergari A, Théveniaut H, Simon-Coinçon R, Ricordel C, Moreau MG, Giot D, Dupuis C, Bruxelles L, Barbarand J, Baele JM (2006) Continental France and Belgium during the Early Cretaceous: paleoweatherings and paleolandforms. Bull Soc Geol Fr 177(3):155–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tritlla J, Levresse G (2006) Comments on “(U-Th)/He dating of fluorite: application to the La Azul fluorspar deposit in the Taxco mining district, Mexico” by Pi et al. (Miner Deposita 39: 976–982). Miner Deposita 41:296–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Vialette YP (1973) Age des granites du Massif Central. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. (7), XV, n°3-4, 260–270Google Scholar
  42. Xiang S, Jun D, Liqiang Y, Qingfei W, Zirong Y, Qingjie G, Changming W (2010) REE and Sr-Nd isotope geochemistry for Yixian fluorite deposit, western Liaoning Province, China, and its geological implications. J Earth Sci 21(II):227–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ziegler PA (1988) Evolution of the Arctic-North Atlantic and the Western Tethys—a visual presentation of a series of paleogeographic-paleotectonic maps. Mem Am Assoc Pet Geol 43:164–196Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Morgane Gigoux
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guillaume Delpech
    • 1
  • Catherine Guerrot
    • 2
  • Maurice Pagel
    • 1
  • Thierry Augé
    • 2
  • Philippe Négrel
    • 2
  • Benjamin Brigaud
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Paris-Sud, UMR CNRS/UPS Géosciences Paris Sud (GEOPS)OrsayFrance
  2. 2.BRGMOrléans Cedex 2France

Personalised recommendations