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Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 50, Issue 8, pp 987–1006 | Cite as

Cretaceous–Cenozoic tectonic history of the Jiaojia Fault and gold mineralization in the Jiaodong Peninsula, China: constraints from zircon U–Pb, illite K–Ar, and apatite fission track thermochronometry

  • Jun DengEmail author
  • Changming Wang
  • Leon Bagas
  • Emmanuel John M. Carranza
  • Yongjun Lu
Article

Abstract

The Jiaojia Fault (JJF) in the Jiaodong area of eastern China is an important NNE-trending structure that is subsidiary to the regional Tancheng–Lujiang (Tan-Lu) Fault Zone, and hosts >1200 t of gold reserves contained in disseminated and stockwork ore, dominantly in the footwall of the fault. We present new zircon U–Pb, apatite fission track, and illite K–Ar data along the JJF and have delineated its tectonic history focusing on its formation and reactivation. Zircon U–Pb dating shows that the Shangzhuang granite is a composite body with ages between 132 ± 1 and 127 ± 1 Ma. Illite K–Ar ages for the fault’s gouge range from 83 ± 2 to 68 ± 2 Ma, and the measured apatite fission track ages for ores are between 55 and 21 Ma. Previous zircon U–Pb geochronology and structural studies suggest that the JJF was originally activated in the Jurassic during 160–150 Ma as a sinistral fault. The JJF was a normal fault in the Early Cretaceous due to NW–SE orientated tension and NE–SW compression, which lasted from 135 to 120 Ma. This was followed by sinistral strike–slip faulting due to NW–SE compression and NE–SW tension during 120–110 Ma, and it changed to normal displacement at ca. 110 Ma. Our apatite fission track data analysis and thermal modeling of representative samples suggest that there was a subsequent dextral reactivation of the fault at ca. 55 Ma. Previous age data of ca. 130–110 Ma for gold mineralization along the JJF coincides with the Early Cretaceous magmatism and is coeval with the transition from normal faulting to sinistral strike–slip faulting of the JJF in Early Cretaceous, which is interpreted to be due to changing direction of the subducting Pacific Plate.

Keywords

Zircon U–Pb dating Apatite fission track Illite K–Ar age Tectonic implications Jiaojia Fault Tan-Lu Fault Jiaodong Peninsula 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41230311), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2652013034), the China Minmetals Corporation Program (No. 2013KC0201), and the 111 Project (No. B07011). The authors thank the team members, including Professors Wanming Yuan, Liqiang Yang, Qingfei Wang, and Qingjie Gong and associate Professors Jin Zhang and Xuefei Liu, from the China University of Geosciences in Beijing, for the field research, constructive discussions, and comments. This is contribution 582 from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems (www.CCFS.mq.edu.au). The authors are deeply indebted to Dr. Thomas Bissig and the anonymous journal reviewers for their critical reviews and constructive comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Deng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Changming Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leon Bagas
    • 2
  • Emmanuel John M. Carranza
    • 3
  • Yongjun Lu
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Centre for Exploration Targeting and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Core to Crust Fluid Systems (CCFS), School of Earth and EnvironmentUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  3. 3.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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