Mineralium Deposita

, Volume 47, Issue 1–2, pp 3–21 | Cite as

The nature and genesis of marginal Cu–PGE–Au sulphide mineralisation in Paleogene Macrodykes of the Kangerlussuaq region, East Greenland

  • David A. Holwell
  • Thomas Abraham-James
  • Reid R. Keays
  • Adrian J. Boyce
Article

Abstract

The Kangerlussuaq region of East Greenland hosts a variety of early Tertiary extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks related to continental break up and the passage of the ancestral Iceland plume. These intrusive bodies include a number of gabbroic macrodykes, two of which—the Miki Fjord Macrodyke, and the newly discovered Togeda Macrodyke—contain Cu–PGE–Au sulphide mineralisation along their margins. Sulphides occur as disseminated interstitial blebs and rounded globules of chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite with some Fe–Ti oxides and platinum-group minerals, comprising largely Pd bismuthides and tellurides. The globules are interpreted to have formed from fractionation of trapped droplets of an immiscible Cu- and Pd-rich sulphide melt and show geopetal indicators. Sulphur isotopes imply a local crustal source of S in these from pyritic sediments of the Kangerlussuaq Basin. Thus, generation of these sulphide occurrences was controlled by local country rock type. Low Ni/Cu and Pt/Pd ratios, also present in the Platinova reefs in the Skaergaard Intrusion, indicate that early fractionation of olivine may have depleted the magma of Ni and suggest the likely presence of a large magma chamber at depth. Xenoliths of Ni-rich olivine cumulates in the Miki Fjord Macrodyke may have been sourced from such a body. The location of thus far unidentified conduit or feeder zones to the macrodykes beneath the present day surface may represent potential targets for more massive sulphide orebodies.

Keywords

PGE mineralisation Macrodykes Kangerlussuaq Sulphide globules Skaergaard Magmatic Greenland 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Holwell
    • 1
  • Thomas Abraham-James
    • 2
  • Reid R. Keays
    • 3
  • Adrian J. Boyce
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Platina Resources LimitedRobinaAustralia
  3. 3.School of GeosciencesVICAustralia
  4. 4.Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, Scottish Enterprise Technology ParkGlasgowUK

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