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Diabetologia

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 647–653 | Cite as

Relationships between plasma measures of oxidative stress and metabolic control in NIDDM

  • J. Nourooz-Zadeh
  • A. Rahimi
  • J. Tajaddini-Sarmadi
  • H. Tritschler
  • P. Rosen
  • B. Halliwell
  • D. J. Betteridge

Summary

Diabetes mellitus may be associated with increased lipid peroxidation which may contribute to long-term tissue damage. To test this hypothesis, we measured hydroperoxides (ROOHs) as well as α-tocopherol in plasma from healthy subjects and individuals with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) (n = 41 and 87, respectively). ROOHs were analysed using the ferrous oxidation with xylenol orange version II (FOX2) assay in conjunction with a specific ROOH reductant, triphenylphosphine. α-Tocopherol was analysed by HPLC with fluorimetric detection. NIDDM patients had lower cholesterol standardised α-tocopherol levels as compared to control subjects (3.3 ± 1.0 vs 5.1 ± 2.3 (μmol/l)/(mmol/l); p < 0.0005, Mann-Whitney test): range (1.5–6.5 vs 1.9–13.0, respectively). Plasma ROOHs were substantially higher in the diabetic subjects compared to those of the control subjects (9.4 ± 3.3 vs 4.1 ± 2.2 μmol/l; p < 0.0005 Mann-Whitney test: range 2.7–16.8 vs 0.4–10.3, respectively). ROOH/cholesterol standardised α-tocopherol ratio was significantly higher in the diabetic patients compared to control subjects (3.2 ± 1.6 vs 0.9 ± 0.6; p < 0.0005, Mann-Whitney test: range 0.7–8.3 and 0.1–2.7, respectively). Plasma levels of ROOHs and α-tocopherol were similar in diabetic patients with or without complications as well as in smokers and non-smokers. The present study confirms previous findings from this laboratory that NIDDM is associated with increased oxidative stress as assessed by plasma ROOHs. Increased oxidative stress in diabetic patients appears to be related to the underlying metabolic abnormalities in diabetes, rather than to the complications of this disease. We therefore suggest that oxidative stress is an early stage in the disease pathology, which may contribute to the development of complications. [Diabetologia (1997) 40: 647–653]

Keywords NIDDM lipid hydroperoxides vitamin E oxidative stress. 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Nourooz-Zadeh
    • 1
  • A. Rahimi
    • 2
  • J. Tajaddini-Sarmadi
    • 1
  • H. Tritschler
    • 3
  • P. Rosen
    • 4
  • B. Halliwell
    • 5
  • D. J. Betteridge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, University College Medical School, London, UKGB
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, UKGB
  3. 3.ASTA Medica, Frankfurt, GermanyDE
  4. 4.Diabetes-Research Institute, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, GermanyDE
  5. 5.International Antioxidant Centre, Pharmacology Group, King's College, London, UKGB

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