, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 496–497 | Cite as

Exercise training response heterogeneity: statistical insights

  • Greg Atkinson
  • Philip Williamson
  • Alan M. Batterham


Exercise training Individual differences Precision medicine Trial-to-trial variability 



Minimal clinically important difference


Duality of interest

The authors declare that there is no duality of interest associated with this manuscript.

Contribution statement

All authors were responsible for drafting the article and revising it critically for important intellectual content. All authors approved the version to be published.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Atkinson
    • 1
  • Philip Williamson
    • 1
  • Alan M. Batterham
    • 1
  1. 1.Health and Social Care Institute, School of Health and Social Care, Constantine Building, Southfield RoadTeesside UniversityMiddlesbroughUK

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